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Performance Analysis of Organic Rankine Cycle with the Turbine Embedded in a Generator (TEG)

Title
Performance Analysis of Organic Rankine Cycle with the Turbine Embedded in a Generator (TEG)
Author
육세진
Keywords
organic Rankine cycle (ORC); R245fa; axial-flow turbine; mean-line design; generator
Issue Date
2022-01
Publisher
MDPI
Citation
ENERGIES, v. 15, NO. 1, article no. 309, Page. 1-18
Abstract
The organic Rankine cycle (ORC) is a thermodynamic cycle in which electrical power is generated using an organic refrigerant as a working fluid at low temperatures with low-grade enthalpy. We propose a turbine embedded in a generator (TEG), wherein the turbine rotor is embedded inside the generator rotor, thus simplifying turbine generator structure using only one bearing. The absence of tip clearance between the turbine rotor blade and casing wall in the TEG eliminates tip clearance loss, enhancing turbine efficiency. A single-stage axial-flow turbine was designed using mean-line analysis based on physical properties, and we conducted a parametric study of turbine performance, and predicted turbine efficiency and power using the tip clearance loss coefficient. When the tip clearance loss coefficient was applied, turbine isentropic efficiency and power were 0.89 and 20.42 kW, respectively, and ORC thermal efficiency was 4.81%. Conversely, the isentropic efficiency and power of the turbine without the tip clearance loss coefficient were 0.94 and 22.03 kW, respectively, and the thermal efficiency of the ORC was 5.08%. Therefore, applying the proposed TEG to the ORC system simplifies the turbine generator, while improving ORC thermal efficiency. A 3D turbine generator assembly with proposed TEG structure was also proposed.
URI
https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/15/1/309https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/177821
ISSN
1996-1073
DOI
10.3390/en15010309
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING(기계공학부) > Articles
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