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Simulating alveoli-inspired air pockets in a ZnO/NiMoO4/C3N4 catalyst filter for toluene entrapment and photodecomposition

Title
Simulating alveoli-inspired air pockets in a ZnO/NiMoO4/C3N4 catalyst filter for toluene entrapment and photodecomposition
Author
박재우
Keywords
Alveoli catalyst; Figure of merit; Photocatalysis; Toluene
Issue Date
2021-05
Publisher
Elsevier B.V.
Citation
Journal of Hazardous Materials, v. 409, article no. 124497, Page. 1-13
Abstract
Here, we propose an alveoli–inspired catalyst to address the susceptibility of photocatalytic air oxidation systems to fluctuations in volatile organic contaminant (VOC) loads. An alveoli structure was fabricated by covering ZnO nanorods grown on a stainless–steel mesh (SSM) with a porous NiMoO4/C3N4 layer. The alveoli catalyst regulates VOC mass transfer from the air to the catalyst surface using air pockets that capture VOC molecules by diffusion driven by a concentration gradient. Air pockets act as localized reservoirs of molecules that prevent scarcity and congestion at the catalyst surface at low and high VOC loads, respectively. The presence of air pockets in the catalyst assembly and its potential to capture VOC was confirmed by a distinct bimodal adsorption configuration. A ZnO/NiMoO4/C3N4@SSM (ZNC@SSM) catalyst with air pockets achieved a high degree of toluene adsorption (6.1 μmol·m–2). Toluene selectivity of ZnO controlled the delivery of molecules to active catalyst sites, resulting in 95% toluene conversion in 90 min. Synergetic toluene adsorption in air pockets and degradation on catalytic sites helped achieve a quantum yield of 4.14 × 10–05 molecules/photon. A figure of merit reflecting fundamental system parameters was compared with previous photocatalytic systems to evaluate the practicality of ZNC@SSM. © 2020 Elsevier B.V.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304389420324870?via%3Dihubhttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/176806
ISSN
0304-3894;1873-3336
DOI
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.124497
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING(건설환경공학과) > Articles
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