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Prediction of antibiotic-resistance genes occurrence at a recreational beach with deep learning models

Title
Prediction of antibiotic-resistance genes occurrence at a recreational beach with deep learning models
Author
김영모
Keywords
Antibiotic-resistance genes (ARGs); prediction model; deep neural network; long short-term memory (LSTM); input attention; recreational beach
Issue Date
2021-05
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation
WATER RESEARCH, v. 196, article no. 117001
Abstract
Antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) have been reported to threaten the public health of beachgoers worldwide. Although ARG monitoring and beach guidelines are necessary, substantial efforts are required for ARG sampling and analysis. Accordingly, in this study, we predicted ARGs occurrence that are primarily found on the coast after rainfall using a conventional long short-term memory (LSTM), LSTMconvolutional neural network (CNN) hybrid model, and input attention (IA)-LSTM. To develop the models, 10 categories of environmental data collected at 30-min intervals and concentration data of 4 types of major ARGs (i.e., aac(6'-Ib-cr), blaTEM, sul1, and tetX) obtained at the Gwangalli Beach in South Korea, between 2018 and 2019 were used. When individually predicting ARGs occurrence, the conventional L STM and IA-L STM exhibited poor R-2 values during training and testing. In contrast, the LSTM-CNN exhibited a 2-6-times improvement in accuracy over those of the conventional L STM and IA-L STM. However, when predicting all ARGs occurrence simultaneously, the IA-LSTM model exhibited a superior performance overall compared to that of LSTM-CNN. Additionally, the influence of environmental variables on prediction was investigated using the IA-LSTM model, and the ranges of input variables that affect each ARG were identified. Consequently, this study demonstrated the possibility of predicting the occurrence and distribution of major ARGs at the beach based on various environmental variables, and the results are expected to contribute to management of ARG occurrence at a recreational beach. (C) 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0043135421001998?via%3Dihubhttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/176766
ISSN
0043-1354;1879-2448
DOI
10.1016/j.watres.2021.117001
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING(건설환경공학과) > Articles
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