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Practical Verifiable Computation by Using a Hardware-Based Correct Execution Environment

Title
Practical Verifiable Computation by Using a Hardware-Based Correct Execution Environment
Author
오현옥
Keywords
Verifiable computation; cryptography; trusted hardware; computer architecture
Issue Date
2020-12
Publisher
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Citation
IEEE ACCESS, v. 8, page. 216689-216706
Abstract
The verifiable computation paradigm has been studied extensively as a means to verifying the result of outsourced computation. In said scheme, the verifier requests computation from the prover and verifies the result by checking the output and proof received from the prover. Although they have great potential for various critical applications, verifiable computations have not been widely used in practice, because of their significant performance overhead. Existing cryptography-based approaches incur significant overhead, because a cryptography-based mathematical frame needs to be constructed, which prevents deviation from the correct computation. The proposed approach is to reduce the overhead by trusting the computing hardware platform where the computation is outsourced. If one trusts the hardware to do the computation, the hardware can take the place of the cryptographic computing frame, thereby guaranteeing correct computation. The key challenge of this approach is to define what exactly the hardware should guarantee for verifiable computation. For this, we introduce the concept of Correct Execution Environment (CEE), which guarantees instruction correctness and state preservation. We prove that these two requirements are satisfactory conditions for a correct output. By employing a CEE, the verifiable computation scheme can be simplified, and its overhead can be reduced drastically. The presented experimental results demonstrate that the execution time is approximately 1.7 million times faster and the verification time over 50 times faster than a state-of-the-art cryptographic approach.
URI
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9273052/https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/175004
ISSN
2169-3536
DOI
10.1109/ACCESS.2020.3041308
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > INFORMATION SYSTEMS(정보시스템학과) > Articles
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