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dc.contributor.author지텐드라 쿠마 싱-
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-17T01:30:09Z-
dc.date.available2022-08-17T01:30:09Z-
dc.date.issued2021-08-
dc.identifier.citationINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, v. 19, NO 2, Page. 829-838en_US
dc.identifier.issn17351472-
dc.identifier.issn17352630-
dc.identifier.urihttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13762-021-03613-7-
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/172457-
dc.description.abstractDeterioration of metallic and non-metallic structures and monuments is largely controlled by their surrounding environment. The Taj Mahal, a UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) world heritage situated in Agra of India built in seventeenth century using white marbles, is famous for its aesthetic look. Gradual yellowing and blackening of the monument are matter of great concern, and if not controlled, the heritage structure may lose its glaze and beauty. Extensive studies available on deteriorating effect of the monument miss a vital point related to the pollutants coming from severely polluted River Yamuna which flows very close to the Taj Mahal. To ascertain the possible effects of the pollutants carbon steel, copper and zinc samples were exposed for four years at the premise of Taj Mahal. The surface characterization of the exposed metals with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction reveals the formation of respective sulphides of the studied metals. The findings suggest that the hydrogen sulphide from the polluted Yamuna River had damaging effect. The wind rose diagram developed at site of exposure further supports the above findings. The corrosion rate of copper was found to be 2.46 mu m/year. This observation as well as identification of corrosion products formed on the metal surface (strong peaks of copper sulphide) provided strong evidences that the hydrogen sulphide evolved from the polluted river accelerated the deterioration of the metal.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe data reported in this paper were generated under the project initially funded by Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), and their contribution is gratefully acknowledged. We are thankful to Dr. Johan Tidblad of SWEREA, Sweden, for his support during this study. We also acknowledge support of CPCB, Project Ofce, Agra, India, for exposure of the test specimens, maintenance and safety of the racks, collection of the environmental data and withdrawal of the corroded specimens. We also express our thanks to the Chairman, Central Pollution Control Board and CSIR—National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur, to agree for the publication of the results generated during this study.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSPRINGERen_US
dc.subjectTaj Mahalen_US
dc.subjectIndiaen_US
dc.subjectAir pollutionen_US
dc.subjectMetal corrosionen_US
dc.subjectElectrochemical impedance spectroscopyen_US
dc.subjectX-ray difractionen_US
dc.subjectRaman spectroscopyen_US
dc.titleRole of air pollutant for deterioration of Taj Mahal by identifying corrosion products on surface of metalsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.relation.no2-
dc.relation.volume19-
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s13762-021-03613-7-
dc.relation.page829-838-
dc.relation.journalINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-
dc.contributor.googleauthorSingh, J. K.-
dc.contributor.googleauthorPaswan, S.-
dc.contributor.googleauthorSaha, D.-
dc.contributor.googleauthorPandya, A.-
dc.contributor.googleauthorSingh, D. D. N.-
dc.relation.code2021007772-
dc.sector.campusE-
dc.sector.daehakOFFICE OF ACADEMIC AFFAIRS[E]-
dc.sector.departmentCENTER FOR CREATIVE CONVERGENCE EDUCATION-
dc.identifier.pidjk200386-
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OFFICE OF ACADEMIC AFFAIRS[E](교무처) > Center for Creative Convergence Education(창의융합교육원) > Articles
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