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Children’s early difficulty and agreeableness in adolescence: Testing a developmental model of interplay of parent and child effects

Title
Children’s early difficulty and agreeableness in adolescence: Testing a developmental model of interplay of parent and child effects
Author
김상학
Keywords
Agreeableness; difficult temperament; longitudinal studies; parental control; self-regulation
Issue Date
2020-08
Publisher
AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC
Citation
DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, v. 56, no. 8, page. 1556-1564
Abstract
Although the trait of Agreeableness is broadly considered a key facet of adjustment, mental health, and socioemotional competence, surprisingly little is known about its developmental origins. Laursen and Richmond (2014) proposed that children’s early difficulty poses a challenge for their future social relationships, ultimately leading to low Agreeableness. Drawing from that model, we examined a path to Agreeableness in adolescence, originating in children’s early temperamental difficulty and involving bidirectional effects of parenting and children’s self-regulation. In a community sample of 102 mothers, fathers, and children, we assessed children’s difficulty at age 3, and parental power-assertive discipline and children’s self-regulation at ages 4.5 and 5.5, using behavioral observations in lengthy interactive contexts and in standard laboratory paradigms. Agreeableness at age 14 was modeled as a latent construct, derived from mothers’, fathers’, and teachers’ ratings. Model-fitting analyses, testing the unfolding developmental path from child difficulty to Agreeableness while controlling for continuity of parental power assertion and child self-regulation, supported a process linking early difficulty with Agreeableness at age 14 through transactions over time between the child’s self-regulation and power-assertive parenting. The findings highlight the early dynamics of children’s temperament characteristics and parenting in the origins of Agreeableness.
URI
https://doi.apa.org/doiLanding?doi=10.1037%2Fdev0001023https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/170303
ISSN
0012-1649; 1939-0599
DOI
10.1037/dev0001023
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES[S](사회과학대학) > SOCIOLOGY(사회학과) > Articles
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