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Individual and simultaneous degradation of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim by ozone, ozone/hydrogen peroxide and ozone/persulfate processes: A comparative study

Title
Individual and simultaneous degradation of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim by ozone, ozone/hydrogen peroxide and ozone/persulfate processes: A comparative study
Author
Adil, Sawaira
Keywords
Sulfamethoxazole; Trimethoprim; Ozonation; Persulfate; Hydrogen peroxide; Transformation products
Issue Date
2020-06
Publisher
ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Citation
ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, v. 189, article no. 109889
Abstract
This study investigates the individual and simultaneous degradation and mineralization of the antibiotics, sulfamethoxazole (SMX) and trimethoprim (TMP) in aqueous solution by ozonation, ozone-activated persulfate (PS) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) processes. The trials were carried out in a semi-continuous column bubble reactor with an ozone diffuser located at the bottom of the column for a period of 2 h. Furthermore, the efficiency of studied processes were evaluated at two different initial pH and various doses of oxidants. The target compounds degradation observed pseudo-first-order rate constants (k(obs)) and removal of total organic carbon (TOC) using ozone-based oxidation processes were compared. Irrespective of the applied processes, the mineralization of target compounds was less effective than their degradation in both individual and simultaneous systems. The highest antibiotics degradation rate constants were observed for individual oxidation of TMP (k(obs) = 0.379 min(-1)) and SMX (k(obs) = 0.367 min(-1)) at alkaline initial pH (pH(0)) in the O-3/H2O2 system at an [antibiotic]/H2O2 molar ratio of 1/1. Irrespective of the antibiotic studied, the most effective TOC removal (similar to 44%) was observed after a 2-h treatment with the O-3/H2O2 system at an [antibiotic]/H2O2 molar ratio of 1/5 (pH(0) 10.9). The O-3 /PS system at an [antibiotic]/PS molar ratio of 1/5 (pH(0) 10.9) proved the most effective system for both mineralization and degradation (k(obs) values of 0.294 min(-1) and 0.266 min(-1)) of TMP and SMX, respectively, during the simultaneous oxidation of SMX-TMP. The decomposition by-products of SMX and TMP in studied ozone-based processes were identified using LC-MS analysis. The results of this study strongly suggest that using the O-3 /PS process is a promising solution to reduce SMX-TMP contamination in water matrices.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935120307842?via%3Dihubhttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/169664
ISSN
0013-9351; 1096-0953
DOI
10.1016/j.envres.2020.109889
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING(건설환경공학과) > Articles
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