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Simple fabrication of highly sensitive capacitive pressure sensors using a porous dielectric layer with cone-shaped patterns

Title
Simple fabrication of highly sensitive capacitive pressure sensors using a porous dielectric layer with cone-shaped patterns
Author
오제훈
Keywords
Polydimethylsiloxane; Porous structures; Capacitive pressure sensors; Wearable electronics
Issue Date
2021-01
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation
MATERIALS & DESIGN, v. 197, Article no. 109203, 9pp
Abstract
This study aims to improve the sensitivity of sensors using porous structures and cone-shaped patterns in the composition of a capacitive pressure sensor. A simple and rapid fabrication method for the production of porous structures and cone-shaped patterns using microwave irradiation of emulsions containing polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and a sacrificial solvent is introduced in this study. Through this method, a porous PDMS dielectric layer could be simply fabricated within a few minutes. The sensitivity was greatly improved by both enhancing deformability and increasing the dielectric constant under the external pressure. The effect of pattern distance was investigated, and the sensor with the pattern distance of 600 μm showed a remarkably high sensitivity of approximately 5 kPa−1. Moreover, the effect of aspect ratio and sharpness of the patterns were also studied through a finite element analysis. Finally, we demonstrated the performance of the sensor using a sensor array and finger attached sensors, and they showed sufficient performance for use in wearable devices applicable to artificial skin, surgical robots, and pressure monitoring systems, among others.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264127520307383https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/167063
ISSN
0264-1275
DOI
10.1016/j.matdes.2020.109203
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES[E](공학대학) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING(기계공학과) > Articles
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