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In-Air Continuous Writing Using UWB Impulse Radar Sensors

Title
In-Air Continuous Writing Using UWB Impulse Radar Sensors
Author
조성호
Keywords
alphabet writing; gesture recognition; impulse radio ultra-wideband; in-air writing; pattern analysis
Issue Date
2020-05
Publisher
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Citation
IEEE ACCESS, v. 8, page. 99302-99311
Abstract
We developed an impulse radio ultra-wideband (IR-UWB) radar-based system that can recognize alphanumeric characters in midair without the need for any handheld device. The hardware consists of four IR-UWB radar sensors set up with a rectangular geometry. Writing a single character in midair results in artifacts that make some characters look similar on a position trajectory-based (x, y) plane, which makes them difcult to classify. Thus, we developed an algorithm that transforms 2D coordinate image data into trigonometric ratios (i.e., tangents) and plots them against the time axis to obtain unique images for training a convolutional neural network. An extended Kalman lter is used to obtain the 2D trajectories of hand motions. To evaluate our proposed method, we rst applied it to characters that may be written in midair very simply without creating artifacts and compared its performance with that of a state-of-the-art digit classiFcation algorithm. Then, we considered combining characters written midair with and without artifacts. After the individual character recognition, we combined the characters into words. We dened a specc marker based on an energy threshold to detect the start and end of a character for midair writing. The energy level was found to change drastically when the hand is pulled in and out of the radar plane. The proposed method was found to outperform the current state of the art at character classication when artifacts are present in the images.
URI
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9092989https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/166375
ISSN
2169-3536
DOI
10.1109/ACCESS.2020.2994281
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING(융합전자공학부) > Articles
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