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Pattern Formation of Three-Dimensional Electroconvection on a Charge Selective Surface

Title
Pattern Formation of Three-Dimensional Electroconvection on a Charge Selective Surface
Author
곽노균
Keywords
CONCENTRATION POLARIZATION; MIXED CONVECTION; DIFFUSION; LAYER; WATER
Issue Date
2020-04
Publisher
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Citation
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, v. 124, no. 15, article no. 154502
Abstract
When a charge selective surface consumes or transports only cations or anions in the electrolyte, biased ion rejection initiates hydrodynamic instability, resulting in vortical fluid motions called electroconvection. In this Letter, we describe the first laboratory observation of three-dimensional electroconvection on a charge selective surface. Combining experiment and scaling analysis, we successfully categorized three distinct patterns of 3D electroconvection according to [(Ra-E)/((ReSc)-Sc-2)] [electric Rayleigh number (Ra-E), Reynolds number (Re), Schmidt number (Sc)] as (i) polygonal, (ii) transverse, or (iii) longitudinal rolls. If Re increases or Ra-E decreases, pure longitudinal rolls are presented. On the other hand, transverse rolls are formed between longitudinal rolls, and two rolls are transformed as polygonal one at higher RaE or lower Re. In this pattern selection scenario, Sc determines the critical electric Rayleigh number (Ra-E*) for the onset of each roll, resulting in Ra-E* similar to (ReSc)-Sc-2. We also verify that convective ion flux by electroconvection (represented by an electric Nusselt number NuE) is fitted to a power law, Nu(E) similar to [(Ra-E - Ra-E*)/((ReSc)-Sc-2)](alpha 1)Re(alpha 2)Pe(alpha 3) [Peclet number (Pe)], where each term represents the characteristics of electroconvection, shear flow, and ion transport.
URI
https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.154502https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/165822
ISSN
0031-9007; 1079-7114
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.154502
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING(기계공학부) > Articles
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