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Pyrolytic remediation of crude oil-contaminated soil

Title
Pyrolytic remediation of crude oil-contaminated soil
Author
전병훈
Keywords
Soil; Crude oil; Remediation; Pyrolysis
Issue Date
2020-04
Publisher
ELSEVIER
Citation
SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, v. 713, article no. 136498
Abstract
Deterioration of our terrestrial environment due to decreasing soil quality brought on by crude oil spills and leakages is a major issue. In this study, soil samples were prepared by mixing day (bentonite) and sand contaminated with 5 and 10 wt% crude oil (in order to study the effect of oil concentration), and weathered in a laboratory to simulate actual contaminated soil. Volatilization of light oil was inhibited in clay rich-soil, resulting in higher contamination after weathering. The efficiency of the pyrolytic treatment was evaluated by comparing the weight change and n-hexane extractable material (HEM) content of the soil samples. The working temperature influenced pyrolysis efficiency more than the reaction time. A residual amount of 029-0.61 wt% (below the soil pollution standard) was observed in the samples with high clay content and pollution level (by pyrolysis for 30 min at 400 degrees C). Infrared analysis of treated soil samples showed a reduction in alkyl functionality (C-H), confirming a decrease in hydrophobicity and an improvement in water holding capacity (WHC). Seed germination and plant growth were relatively better in the pyrolyzed soil. The field applicability of the pyrolytic treatment process was confirmed at laboratory and pilot scale, as well as by treating soil samples collected from actual polluted sites. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969720300061?via%3Dihubhttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/165801
ISSN
0048-9697; 1879-1026
DOI
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.136498
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > EARTH RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING(자원환경공학과) > Articles
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