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Flotation separation of quartz from apatite and surface forces in bubble–particle interactions: Role of pH and cationic amine collector contents

Title
Flotation separation of quartz from apatite and surface forces in bubble–particle interactions: Role of pH and cationic amine collector contents
Author
김현중
Keywords
Quartz; Apatite; Flotation separation; Adsorption; Extended DLVO theory
Issue Date
2019-02
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Citation
JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL AND ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY, v. 70, page. 107-115
Abstract
Dodecylamine hydrochloride (DAHC) surfactant was used as a collector for effective apatite recovery through flotation separation in siliceous phosphate ore, wherein quartz is the main gangue mineral. The roles of pH and collector concentration were investigated, and the adsorption of the collector on the minerals and related properties were systematically studied by measuring zeta potential, contact angle, surface tension, and adsorption density. When the collector concentration was 5 × 10−5 M, 23.7% P2O5 grade was achieved for a conditioning time of 10 min. However, the separation performance of the flotation was lower at pH 7 regardless of the collector concentration. Thus, more collector molecules are adsorbed on the quartz surface than the apatite surface at pH 3 and 5 × 10−5 M of collector, resulting in separation of quartz and apatite. The extended Derjaguin–Landau–Verwey–Overbeek (DLVO) theory, which considers the hydrophobic interaction energy, revealed that the improved flotation performance is attributed to a hydrophobic attractive force that is a consequence of the collector adsorption. Therefore, the results of flotation of artificially mixed minerals further revealed that optimization of the amine collector concentration and pH value can selectively separate quartz from apatite.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1226086X18307810?via%3Dihubhttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/165609
ISSN
1226-086X; 1876-794X
DOI
10.1016/j.jiec.2018.09.036
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > EARTH RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING(자원환경공학과) > Articles
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