Self-assembled nanomanipulation of silica nanoparticles enable mechanochemically robust super hydrophobic and oleophilic textile
- Self-assembled nanomanipulation of silica nanoparticles enable mechanochemically robust super hydrophobic and oleophilic textile
- Superhydrophobicity; Cationization; Robustness; Self-cleaning; Electrostatic; Etching; Silica
- Issue Date
- ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
- JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE, v. 563, Page. 62-73
- Hypothesis: Non-wettable fabric surfaces with excellent mechanochemical robustness for practical applications have attracted much attention from researchers in recent years. However, such surfaces suffer from stability issues when exposed to harsh environments because of the weak bonding of the functional materials.
Experiments: A unique facile approach is proposed to enhance the adhesion strength and hydrophobicity by improving the hierarchal roughness and opposite charge attraction using alkali and cationized bovine serum albumin (cBSA) respectively. Alkaline etching generated the microroughness and functional groups which facilitated the enhanced adsorption of material on fiber surfaces. The etched fabrics were further treated with cBSA to introduce the positive charged functional groups which enabled the crosslinking of silica nanoparticles with the fiber surfaces through strong electrostatic attraction.
Findings: Benefitting from this novel approach, the improved properties of the samples were confirmed through the water contact angle (WCA), self-cleaning effect, chemical/mechanical stability, and selective absorption of organic solvents. Superhydrophobic fabric with WCA of 171 degrees was fabricated by alkaline etching followed by cationization. Along with the excellent hydrophobicity, superhydrophobic fabric exhibited strong chemical, and mechanical stability and self-cleaning property. The superhydrophobic fabric was utilized for the selective absorption of organic solvents from water because of its superoleophilic characteristics. The significant fabrication strategy and promising performance of superhydrophobic fabrics make these fabrics feasible for large-scale production for various industrial applications i.e. in harsh chemical industries and waste water treatment. (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier Inc.
- 0021-9797; 1095-7103
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- COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > ORGANIC AND NANO ENGINEERING(유기나노공학과) > Articles
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