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Surgical outcomes of simple distal femur fractures in elderly patients treated with the minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis technique: can percutaneous cerclage wiring reduce the fracture healing time?

Title
Surgical outcomes of simple distal femur fractures in elderly patients treated with the minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis technique: can percutaneous cerclage wiring reduce the fracture healing time?
Author
박기철
Keywords
Simple fracture; Distal femur fracture; Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis; Percutaneous cerclage wiring
Issue Date
2020-02
Publisher
SPRINGER
Citation
ARCHIVES OF ORTHOPAEDIC AND TRAUMA SURGERY, v. 140, no. 10, page. 1403-1412
Abstract
Introduction Achieving adequate reduction is difficult when performing minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) in elderly patients with simple distal femur fracture. This study aimed to evaluate the elderly patients who had undergone percutaneous wiring-assisted reduction with MIPO for simple distal femur fractures to determine the effect of this technique on reduction quality and fracture union. Materials and methods Between January 2009 and September 2017, 56 patients (56 femurs) with displaced simple distal femur fractures treated with MIPO at three trauma centers were finally enrolled. The MIPO technique with percutaneous cerclage wire reduction was performed in 25 patients (Group A). Among them, 12 patients had a simple spiral metaphyseal fracture (Group A*). In comparison, MIPO without percutaneous cerclage wire reduction was performed in 31 patients (Group B). Among them, seven patients had a simple spiral metaphyseal fracture (Group B*). Medical records containing surgical records were retrospectively reviewed to investigate demographic data, comorbidities, complications, operative time, and fluoroscopic time. Radiographs were evaluated for assessing the quality of the reduction and fracture union. Results The mean fracture union time of Group A* was 21.7 weeks, which was significantly shorter than that of Group B* (28.6 weeks). The mean coronal and sagittal angulation in Group A* was 0.6 degrees and 0.7 degrees, respectively, which were significantly lesser than those in Group B* (2.4 degrees and 3.2 degrees, respectively). Mean translation in Group A* was 1.43 mm, which was significantly shorter than that in Group B* (3.81 mm). Nonunion occurred in two patients in Group B. Conclusion Surgical treatment of simple spiral distal femur fractures with percutaneous cerclage wiring-assisted reduction and the MIPO technique in elderly patients resulted in better reduction and faster union time. Therefore, this technique could be a good solution if used in accordance with the indication.
URI
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00402-020-03385-8https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/161198
ISSN
0936-8051; 1434-3916
DOI
10.1007/s00402-020-03385-8
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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