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Synthesis and Related Kinetics of Nanocrystalline Ni by Hydrogen Reduction of NiO

Title
Synthesis and Related Kinetics of Nanocrystalline Ni by Hydrogen Reduction of NiO
Author
이재성
Keywords
powder synthesis; nanocrystalline; hydrogen reduction; nickel oxide
Issue Date
2001-08
Publisher
The Japan Institute of Metals
Citation
MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, v. 42, issue. 8, page. 1607-1612
Abstract
The present study has attempted to elucidate the formation mechanism of nanocrystalline (nc) Ni by hydrogen reduction of fine NiO powder in terms of related kinetics aspects. So, the kinetics and related mechanism of hydrogen reduction of NiO were investigated on the basis of structure modification of the NiO powder during reaction. The ball-milled NiO agglomerate powder having 20 nm in grain size and a log-normal pore size distribution was used for study, The non-isothermal reduction study showed that the nano-agglomerate NIO underwent a two-step reduction process which is presumably due to a chemical reaction at lower temperatures and a diffusion controlled process at higher temperatures. The activation energy for the nano-agglomerate NiO was 85.4 kJ/mol for lower temperatures and 105.1 kJ/mol for higher temperatures. The value for lower temperatures is consistent with that of as-received NiO of 85.6 kJ/mol. Such higher activation energy for higher temperatures can be attributed to the retardation of the reduction process by the change in the reduction mechanism from the chemical reaction to the diffusion process. Conclusively, the structure change during the reduction is believed to be responsible for the change in the reduction mechanism.
URI
https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/matertrans/42/8/42_8_1607/_articlehttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/160242
ISSN
1345-9678
DOI
10.2320/matertrans.42.1607
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES[E](공학대학) > MATERIALS SCIENCE AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING(재료화학공학과) > Articles
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