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IgGs from patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and diabetes target Ca-v alpha(2)delta 1 subunits impairing islet cell function and survival

Title
IgGs from patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and diabetes target Ca-v alpha(2)delta 1 subunits impairing islet cell function and survival
Author
오기욱
Keywords
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; calcium channel; cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration; diabetes; immunoglobulin
Issue Date
2019-12
Publisher
NATL ACAD SCIENCES
Citation
PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, v. 116, no. 52, page. 26816-26822
Abstract
Patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) often show hallmarks of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the causal link between ALS and T2DM has remained a mystery. We now demonstrate that 60% of ALS patients with T2DM (ALS-T2DM) have sera that exaggerated K+-induced increases in cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+],) in mouse islet cells. The effect was attributed to the presence of pathogenic immunoglobulin Gs (IgGs) in ALS-T2DM sera. The pathogenic IgGs immunocaptured the voltage-dependent Ca2+ (Ca-v) channel subunit Ca-v alpha(2)delta 1 in the plasma membrane enhancing Ca(v)1 channel-mediated Ca2+ influx and [Ca2+](i), resulting in impaired mitochondria! function. Consequently, impairments in [Ca2+](i) dynamics, insulin secretion, and cell viability occurred. These data reveal that patients with ALS-T2DM carry cytotoxic ALS-T2DM-IgG autoantibodies that serve as a causal link between ALS and T2DM by immunoattacking Ca-v alpha(2)delta 1 subunits. Our findings may lay the foundation for a pharmacological treatment strategy for patients suffering from a combination of these diseases.
URI
https://www.pnas.org/content/116/52/26816https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/157922
ISSN
0027-8424
DOI
10.1073/pnas.1911956116
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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