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Aerobic waste activated sludge (WAS) for start-up seed of mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic digestion

Title
Aerobic waste activated sludge (WAS) for start-up seed of mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic digestion
Author
김문일
Keywords
Anaerobic digestion; Anaerobic digested sludge; Mesophilic; Thermophilic; Waste activated sludge
Issue Date
2002-09
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation
Water Research, v. 36, issue. 15, page. 3860-3866
Abstract
Since there are very limited numbers of thermophilic anaerobic digesters being operated, it is often difficult to start up a new one using sludge from an existing reactor as a seed. However, for obvious reasons it seems few attempts have been made to compare the start-up performance of thermophilic anaerobic digestion using different sources of seed sludges. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the start-up performance of anaerobic digestion using aerobic waste activated sludge (WAS) from a plant which has no anaerobic digesters and mesophilic anaerobic digested sludge (ADS) as the seed source at both mesophilic (35degreesC) and thermophilic (55degreesC) temperatures. In this study, two experiments were conducted. First, thermophilic anaerobic reactors were seeded with WAS (VSS = 4400 mg/L) and ADS (VSS = 14,500 mg/L) to investigate start-up performance with a feed of acetate as well as propionate. The results show that WAS started to produce CH4 soon after acetate feeding without a lag time, while ADS had a lag time of 10 days. When the feed was changed to propionate, WAS removed propionate down to below the detection limit of 10 mg/L, while ADS removed little propionate and produced little CH4. Second, in order to further compare the methanogenic activity of WAS and ADS, both mesophilic and thermophilic reactors were operated. WAS acclimated to anaerobic conditions shortly (<5 days at both mesophilic and thermophilic) and after acclimating it produced more CH4 per unit amount of seeded VSS than ADS. WAS at mesophilic temperature biodegraded acetate at the same rate as for thermophilic. However WAS at mesophilic temperature biodegraded propionate at a much faster rate than at thermophilic. WAS as the seed source of anaerobic digestion resulted in much better performance than ADS at both mesophilic and thermophilic temperatures for both acetate and propionate metabolism. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0043135402000805https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/157442
ISSN
0043-1354
DOI
10.1016/S0043-1354(02)00080-5
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES[E](공학대학) > CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING(건설환경공학과) > Articles
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