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Highly efficient flexible organic light-emitting devices based on PEDOT:PSS electrodes doped with highly conductive Pyronin B

Title
Highly efficient flexible organic light-emitting devices based on PEDOT:PSS electrodes doped with highly conductive Pyronin B
Author
김태환
Keywords
Flexible OLEDs; PEDOT:PSS; Pyronin-B; Transparent electrode; Conductivity; Band bending
Issue Date
2019-11
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
NANO ENERGY, v. 65, article no. UNSP 104027
Abstract
Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) is a promising material for utilization in flexible transparent electrodes. However, because the conductivity of PEDOT:PSS is as low as 1 S/cm or even lower, PEDOT:PSS has the inherent problem of a conductivity that is too low for it to be used in the fabrication of flexible, transparent electrodes for use in flexible organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs). Here, we report on hole injection enhancement in a highly conductive Pyronin-B-doped PEDOT:PSS electrode/hexaazatriphenylene hexacarbonitrile (HAT-CN) layer, a strong electron-accepting charge-generation layer, for use in highly efficient flexible OLEDs. While the conductivity of the pristine PEDOT:PSS is 1 S/cm, that of Pyronin-B-doped PEDOT:PSS is significantly increased to 1467 S/cm due to the dramatically enhanced screening effect for PEDOT:PSS films. The energy-band bending barrier at the interface between the Pyronin-B-doped PEDOT:PSS electrode and the HAT-CN layer is significantly decreased compared to that between the pristine PEDOT:PSS electrode and the HAT-CN layer, resulting in improved hole injection. The operating voltage and the current efficiency of the flexible OLEDs with Pyronin-B-doped PEDOT:PSS/HAT-CN electrodes (6.8 V, 26.03 cd/A) are similar to those of OLEDs with ITO/HAT-CN electrodes (7.7 V, 27.95 cd/A). The brightness of the OLEDs after 900 cycles of bending with a radius of curvature of 5 mm is 80% the initial brightness, indicative of the stability of these flexible devices under repeated bendings.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2211285519307347?via%3Dihubhttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/155548
ISSN
2211-2855; 2211-3282
DOI
10.1016/j.nanoen.2019.104027
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING(융합전자공학부) > Articles
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