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Discrimination of HPV status using CT texture analysis: tumour heterogeneity in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas

Title
Discrimination of HPV status using CT texture analysis: tumour heterogeneity in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas
Author
이지영
Keywords
Squamous cell carcinoma; Oropharyngeal cancer; Human papilloma virus; Computed tomography
Issue Date
2019-10
Publisher
SPRINGER
Citation
NEURORADIOLOGY, v. 61, no. 12, Page. 1415-1424
Abstract
Purpose To evaluate the diagnostic performance of texture analysis for discriminating human papillomavirus (HPV) status in patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) in the primary tumours and metastatic lymph nodes. Methods Ninety-five patients with primary tumour and 91 with metastatic lymph nodes with confirmed HPV status, who underwent pretreatment contrast-enhanced CT (CECT), were included as the discovery population. CT texture analysis was performed using commercially available software. Differences between HPV-positive and HPV-negative groups were analysed using the chi(2) test (or Mann-Whitney U test) and independent t test (or Fisher's exact test). ROC curve analysis was performed to discriminate HPV status according to heterogeneity parameters. Diagnostic accuracy was evaluated in the separate validation population (n = 36) from an outside hospital. Results HPV positivity was 52.6% for primary tumours and 56.0% for metastatic lymph nodes. The entropy and standard deviation (SD) values in the HPV-positive group were significantly lower. Entropy using the medium filter was the best discriminator between HPV-positive and HPV-negative primary OPSCCs (AUC, 0.85) and SD without the filter for metastatic lymph nodes (AUC, 0.82). Diagnostic accuracy of entropy for the primary tumour was 80.0% in the discovery group and 75.0% in the validation group. In cases of metastatic lymph node, the accuracy of SD was 79.1% and 78.8%, respectively. Conclusion Significant differences were found in heterogeneity parameters from texture analysis of pretreatment CECT, according to HPV status. Texture analysis could be used as an adjunctive tool for diagnosis of HPV status in clinical practice.
URI
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00234-019-02295-whttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/154463
ISSN
0028-3940; 1432-1920
DOI
10.1007/s00234-019-02295-w
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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