The belt in Goguryo; Belt hooks or buckles; Belt accessories; Belt-tip omaments
한국공예논총, v.7, No.2, Page.19-39
In the ancient society, the belt was an important ornament. The shape and material of the belt was a measurement of the social position or status of its wearer. Few remains of the belt in Goguro were excavated in its entirety and, in most cases, only belt hooks or buckles, belt accessories, belt- tip ornaments were partially excavated. Because Goguryo's old tombs had the structure of having stone chamber with tunnel entrance and robbing the grave was easy, serious damages were done to the remains. Buckles were used with the advent of the leather belt. And on the buckle, not only the simple and practical demand for use but also the spiritual world of people in those times were expressed in various forms . Many belt accessones were carved with the dragon- shaped pattern and the heart- shaped leaf pattern linked to the rectangular plate where three- leaf patterns are carved from both sides. It seems that belt accessories with carvings of the dragon shape were affected by the West jin Dynasty of China, and in Goguryo, the shape was gradually changed and fixed into the form in which the three- leaf pattern were linked to the heart- shaped leaf pattern, and this form spread to Baekje, Shilla, Gaya, and Japan. The early form of the heart- shaped leaf pattern was closer to gingko- leaf but it gradually changed to the heart- shaped leaf pattern with convex upper part. Belt-tip ornaments were mostly made of gold-plated copper and in some cases they were made of silver- plated iron or made of copper without gilding. The manufacturing techniques of personal ornaments developed as the use of bronze and iron
implements increased sharply with the introduction of the Scythe-Siberian culture. Their main form was to symmetrically arrange two perforated grass - and cloud-shaped patterns to face each other or to make their back face each other. Detailed form was expressed largely in the cloud-shaped pattern by using chasing techniques.
Pattern s were used as signs of symbolic authority. Baekje and Shilla, which had similar cultural background, had difference in the form but used almost identical patterns . As can be seen in cloud patterns, honeysuckle patterns, and grass-shaped patterns, this style developed in Goguryo spread to neighboring countries.