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O-cyclic phytosphingosine-1-phosphate stimulates HIF1 alpha-dependent glycolytic reprogramming to enhance the therapeutic potential of mesenchymal stem cells

Title
O-cyclic phytosphingosine-1-phosphate stimulates HIF1 alpha-dependent glycolytic reprogramming to enhance the therapeutic potential of mesenchymal stem cells
Author
김계성
Keywords
SPHINGOSINE 1-PHOSPHATE; DYNEIN-DYNACTIN; METABOLIC ADAPTATION; UMBILICAL-CORD; HYPOXIA; SPHINGOSINE-1-PHOSPHATE; ACTIVATION; KINASE; MTOR; DIFFERENTIATION
Issue Date
2019-08
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Citation
CELL DEATH & DISEASE, v. 10, article no. 590
Abstract
O-cyclic phytosphingosine-1-phosphate (cP1P) is a novel chemically synthesized sphingosine metabolite derived from phytosphingosine-1-phosphate. Although structurally similar to sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), its biological properties in stem cells remain to be reported. We investigated the effect of cP1P on the therapeutic potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and their regulatory mechanism. We found that, under hypoxia, cP1P suppressed MSC mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis. Metabolic data revealed that cP1P stimulated glycolysis via the upregulation of glycolysis-related genes. cP1P-induced hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF1 alpha) plays a key role for MSC glycolytic reprogramming and transplantation efficacy. The intracellular calcium-dependent PKC alpha/mammalian target of the rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway triggered by cP1P regulated HIF1 alpha translation via S6K1, which is critical for HIF1 activation. Furthermore, the cP1P-activated mTOR pathway induced bicaudal D homolog 1 expression, leading to HIF1 alpha nuclear translocation. In conclusion, cP1P enhances the therapeutic potential of MSC through mTOR-dependent HIF1 alpha translation and nuclear translocation.
URI
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41419-019-1823-7https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/153547
ISSN
2041-4889
DOI
10.1038/s41419-019-1823-7
Appears in Collections:
GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BIOMEDICAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING[S](의생명공학전문대학원) > TRANSLATIONAL MEDICAL SCIENCE(임상의과학과) > Articles
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