인물화검사와 표준화성격검사와의 관계성 연구-DAP와 PAI-A를 중심으로-
- 인물화검사와 표준화성격검사와의 관계성 연구-DAP와 PAI-A를 중심으로-
- Other Titles
- The Study of Relations between DAP and Standard haracter Inspection(PAI-A)
- Alternative Author(s)
- Ku, Jin-Sun
- Issue Date
- 미술치료에서 내담자를 이해하는 것은 무엇보다 중요하다. 내담자를 이해하는 방법이 많이 있지만, 크게 객관적 자기보고식 검사와 투사적 검사로 나눌 수 있다.
일반적으로 투사적 검사는 신뢰도와 타당도가 떨어지고 상황에 대해 많은 영향을 받는 단점이 있는 것으로 알려져 있음에도 불구하고, 피검자로부터 다양한 반응을 얻을 수 있고, 자극에 대한 반응의 다양성 때문에 방어에 어려움이 있고, 피검자의 개인적인 독특한 정보를 얻을 수 있는 장점이 있다는 이유로 많은 사람들이 투사적 검사를 활용하고 있다.
그에 비해 신뢰도(reliability)와 타당도(validity)가 높은 객관적 심리검사는 오랜 검증과 연구를 통해 구조화되고 많이 사용되고 있는 반면에 개인의 반응스타일의 영향이 배제되어야 하는 단점을 갖고 있다. 반응스타일 중 가장 문제가 되는 것은 사회 바람직성(social desirability), 즉 진실한 반응보다 사회적으로 바람직한 반응을 하려는 경향성을 말한다.
사회의 다변화에 발맞추고 청소년의 다각적인 측면을 이해하기 위해서는 투사적 검사와 객관적 검사의 관계성을 알아보고 적절한 선택적 해석이 필요하다고 생각된다.
It is the most important to understand in full someone who comes to talk in art therapy. Although there are many methods to practice it, in a large way there would be two methods
objective self-report inspection and projective inspection.
With general disadvantages of insufficiency of confidence and appropriateness, the projective inspection is useful for us to get various responses from the tested, make the tested's defense against the tester difficult with a diversity of responses to the first stimulation and use private and specific information about the tested.
On the contrary, with the higher level of reliability and validity, the objective psychological inspection is constructed through verification and researches for a long time and frequently in use. But it also has the disadvantage of exclusion of the influence of private response-types. The most important issue of them is social desirability, that is, the inclination to make a socially right response rather than a truthful response.
It seems to me that it is necessary for many-sided understandings of the younger generation in the line with social diversification to investigate the relations between the objective and projective inspection and interpret them suitably and selectively.
The purpose of this study is the relations between the standard character inspection(PAI-A) and the figure inspection(DAP) on girl students at a high school.
In the first place, I offered two sheets of white paper in the size of A4(210×279mm) to 500 first-year students in a B girl's high school located in In-Cheon. In the second place, I got them to draw a figure painting and write out a supplementary written inquire. Lastly, I used the standard criterion by Dr. Oodomosigeru(大伴?) in Japan to analyze them.
Specific issues of the study are as follows.
1. Which relations are between each mark on the basis of the Oodomo(大伴?)'s figure painting analytic criterion?
2. Which relations are between each characteristic primary factor on the basis of the subordinate measure of the standard inspection(PAI-A)?
According to these two criteria, the results of the analytic criterion are as follows.
In relation to the first issue, the result of the analysis of relationship between each code in Oodomo(大伴?)'s figure painting inspection shows that the factor of correlation of F and M is '-0.226' which means an unsuitable correlation because of 'p〈.05', And that of F and C is '0.252' which means a static correlation because of 'p〈0.05'.
In relation to the second issue, it also shows the static correlation between Anxiety-Related Disorder(ARD) and F as well as between Paranoia(PAR) and F(r=.232, r=.266, p〈.05), and the unsuitable correlation both between SCH and DRG(r=-.409, p〈.001) and between RXR and M(r=-.238, p〈.001).
In conclusion, it is difficult to make the relations on account of theoretically different bases though it is useful in the statistics.
On the basis of these analytic results, this study can be helpful to understand the younger generation through the psychological approach of a figure painting and lead them to understand and identify and rediscover themselves by their own drawings and make a harmonious relationship with their surroundings at the present time for their life.
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- GRADUATE SCHOOL OF EDUCATION[S](교육대학원) > ARTS AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION(예체능학계열) > Theses (Master)
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