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중국 창작뮤지컬 <디에>(蝶) 연구

Title
중국 창작뮤지컬 <디에>(蝶) 연구
Author
정운연
Advisor(s)
김미혜
Issue Date
2011-02
Publisher
한양대학교
Degree
Master
Abstract
본 연구의 목적은 2007년에 초연된 창작뮤지컬 <디에>(蝶)의 제작과정과 제작방식 등을 분석하여 중국 창작뮤지컬의 특징을 살펴보고 향후 중국 뮤지컬의 발전과 연구에 일조하는데 있다. 중국 창작뮤지컬은 브로드웨이 뮤지컬의 제작방식을 참고하면서 내용과 표현방식에 있어서는 중국적 요소를 강조하는데 초점을 두었다. 본 연구의 대상인 <디에>는 전형적인 중국 창작뮤지컬의 대표작이라고 할 수 있다. <디에>는 제작자 리둔(李盾), 음악인 싼바오(三寶)와 작가 ��산(關山)을 중심으로 프랑스 뮤지컬 <노트르 담 드 파리>의 연출, 조명 디자인, 안무를 맡았던 제작자들과 공동 합작하여 전문성과 시장성을 극대화 시키고자 노력한 작품이다. <디에>는 중국의 문화적 정서와 서양의 뮤지컬 양식이라는 두 이질적 요소가 합하여 탄생되었다. 이 과정에서 새롭게 시도된 제작 방법, 표현 방법 및 효과와 문제 등이 노정되었다는 점에서 <디에>는 중국 창작뮤지컬 발전에 시사점을 남긴 주목되는 작품이다. <디에>는 중국의 유명한 전통 고사인 ‘량산보위주잉타이’(梁山伯與祝英臺)를 새롭게 현대 창작 뮤지컬의 특징에 맞게 재구성된 작품이다. 중국의 독자적인 정서적 특징과 현대 뮤지컬적 요소가 균형과 조화를 이루도록 하기 위해 다음과 같이 노력한 흔적들이 돋보인다. 첫째, 소재부분에서 전통적 소재의 핵심을 살리면서 동시에 대담한 각색을 통해 극적 긴장감을 높였다. 등장인물들을 모두 인간이 아닌 ‘디에런’(蝶人)이라는 인간도 나비도 아닌 불완전한 인물로 바꾸고 본래 고사에는 없던 등장인물을 추가하여 갈등을 심화시키며 현대사회의 부조리한 이면을 비판하였다. 결혼제도의 억압에 저항하고 죽음을 선택한 두 남녀의 ‘나비 환생’은 비극을 초월한 사랑의 승화이다. 이것은 억압으로부터의 해방이라는 절대 자유를 상징하였다. 둘째, 음악부분에서 싼바오는 21개의 창작곡을 만들었고 이것은 교향악단ㆍ민족음악단ㆍ전자음악단 등에 의해 연주되었다. 이외에 1958년 작곡된 바이올린 협주곡 <량주>(梁祝)는 중국 민간 희곡 음악과 교향악의 기법을 종합한 곡인데 <디에>에서는 여주인공 주잉타이의 내면 심리를 전달하는데 효과적으로 사용되었다. 셋째, 안무부분은 영국의 안무가 다렌 찰스의 지도아래 현대 무용ㆍ라틴댄스ㆍ발레 등이 스토리의 전개 및 음악과 완벽한 조화를 이루도록 배치하였다. 넷째, 작품 전체의 대화법에 서창을 사용하였는데 이것은 현대 중국어 음조의 특징과 시사(詩詞)적 특징을 반영하기 위한 대담한 시도였다. 그러나 전체 작품을 어둡고 무겁게 만들어 청각적 효과나 뮤지컬 자체의 통속성ㆍ오락성을 떨어뜨렸다. 이밖에 최첨단 무대 장비를 이용하여 극적 전개의 시청각적 효과를 높였으며, 각 등장인물의 의상과 분장은 인물의 개성과 성격을 뚜렷이 형상화시켰다. <디에>는 중국 뮤지컬계의 일차적인 환골탈태(換骨奪胎)였다고 말할 수 있겠다. 단순 모방에서 벗어나 중국 전통문화 가운데서 현대 뮤지컬로 흡수할 만한 예술적 요소들을 찾아내고 해외의 선진화된 요소를 결합시키면서 대담한 수정과 변화를 시도하였다. 중국 뮤지컬사상 <디에>의 출현은 그 예술적 창조의 의의와 예술 시장의 운영에 있어 모두 후대의 귀감이 될 것이다. 중국 뮤지컬계는 <디에>의 성과를 바탕으로 지속적인 발전을 위해 탄탄한 소재 발굴, 전문 뮤지컬 배우 양성, 각 영역별 전문 제작자 양성에 총력을 기울여야 할 것이다.|The purpose of this research is to overview the characteristics of Chinese Musicals by analyzing producing process and style of Butterflies(2007) in attempt to attribute to future development of the genre. Chinese Musicals put emphasis on delivering Chinese contents and fashion as well as referring to Broadway musicals' producing style. Butterflies is one of the representative pieces of Chinese Musicals, and would be the main concern of the research. Butterflies was created by producer Li Dun, musician San Bao, and writer Guan San in collaboration with the french musical Notre Dame de Paris producing team's producer, lighting designer and choreographer in effort to achieve both technical specialty and popularity. This work integrates Chinese cultural legacy with Western musical genre, which is quite an unfamiliar fusion. Butterflies has attributed to the genre in the sense that it adopted innovative producing style and fashion displaying their effect and potential problems, which would be a clue to future Chinese Musicals. Butterflies is based on Liang Shan Bo and Zhu Ying Tai, the famous Chinese traditional story, newly recreated to fit modern musical genre. In attempt to balancing out between Chinese original sensitivities and modern musical characteristics, the outstanding factors are as follows: First, in terms of contents, Butterflies adopted the original story by maintaining the key points and adding bold recreation at the same time, raising dramatic tension. All the characters are “Butterflyman”, either human being or butterfly, and some additional characters heighten the conflict, criticizing the irrationality of modern society. The couple's choosing death in resisting to the suppression of marriage system and reincarnating as butterflies shows love conquers tragic reality. This symbolizes the absolute freedom, liberation from all suppression. Second, San Bao composed twenty-one pieces of original music for Butterflies, and those were played by the symphony orchestra, traditional and electronic bands. Also, the violin concerto Liang Zhu, composed in 1958 integrating Chinese traditional play music with symphonic features, well expresses the inner emotional flow of heroine “Zhu Ying Tai”. Third, the choreography was designed by English choreographer Darren Charles, varying among modern dance, Latin dance and Ballet, in perfect harmony with the storyline and the music. Fourth, all dialogues in the musical uses recitative. This was a radical trial to reflect the rhythmic features of modern Chinese and lyric nuance. However, it diminished the aural effect, conventionality and entertaining function of the genre by making the whole work too serious and gloomy. Also, high technologic stage equipments raised the visual and auditory effect of dramatic development, and the costume and makeup obviously represented the characteristic and personality each character's. Butterflies is the first innovation in the Chinese musical genre. It discovered artistic contents out of genuine Chinese culture rather than bare imitation of Western culture, as well as newly recreating it by adopting the advanced foreign technology. Butterflies is a successful model for future artistic creation and managing the market of the Chinese Musical genre. In sustaining the success of Butterflies, the industry should focus on developing powerful contents and training professional actors and producers.
The purpose of this research is to overview the characteristics of Chinese Musicals by analyzing producing process and style of Butterflies(2007) in attempt to attribute to future development of the genre. Chinese Musicals put emphasis on delivering Chinese contents and fashion as well as referring to Broadway musicals' producing style. Butterflies is one of the representative pieces of Chinese Musicals, and would be the main concern of the research. Butterflies was created by producer Li Dun, musician San Bao, and writer Guan San in collaboration with the french musical Notre Dame de Paris producing team's producer, lighting designer and choreographer in effort to achieve both technical specialty and popularity. This work integrates Chinese cultural legacy with Western musical genre, which is quite an unfamiliar fusion. Butterflies has attributed to the genre in the sense that it adopted innovative producing style and fashion displaying their effect and potential problems, which would be a clue to future Chinese Musicals. Butterflies is based on Liang Shan Bo and Zhu Ying Tai, the famous Chinese traditional story, newly recreated to fit modern musical genre. In attempt to balancing out between Chinese original sensitivities and modern musical characteristics, the outstanding factors are as follows: First, in terms of contents, Butterflies adopted the original story by maintaining the key points and adding bold recreation at the same time, raising dramatic tension. All the characters are “Butterflyman”, either human being or butterfly, and some additional characters heighten the conflict, criticizing the irrationality of modern society. The couple's choosing death in resisting to the suppression of marriage system and reincarnating as butterflies shows love conquers tragic reality. This symbolizes the absolute freedom, liberation from all suppression. Second, San Bao composed twenty-one pieces of original music for Butterflies, and those were played by the symphony orchestra, traditional and electronic bands. Also, the violin concerto Liang Zhu, composed in 1958 integrating Chinese traditional play music with symphonic features, well expresses the inner emotional flow of heroine “Zhu Ying Tai”. Third, the choreography was designed by English choreographer Darren Charles, varying among modern dance, Latin dance and Ballet, in perfect harmony with the storyline and the music. Fourth, all dialogues in the musical uses recitative. This was a radical trial to reflect the rhythmic features of modern Chinese and lyric nuance. However, it diminished the aural effect, conventionality and entertaining function of the genre by making the whole work too serious and gloomy. Also, high technologic stage equipments raised the visual and auditory effect of dramatic development, and the costume and makeup obviously represented the characteristic and personality each character's. Butterflies is the first innovation in the Chinese musical genre. It discovered artistic contents out of genuine Chinese culture rather than bare imitation of Western culture, as well as newly recreating it by adopting the advanced foreign technology. Butterflies is a successful model for future artistic creation and managing the market of the Chinese Musical genre. In sustaining the success of Butterflies, the industry should focus on developing powerful contents and training professional actors and producers.
URI
https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/140127http://hanyang.dcollection.net/common/orgView/200000416809
Appears in Collections:
GRADUATE SCHOOL[S](대학원) > THEATER & FILM(연극영화학과) > Theses (Master)
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