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타바타 운동을 적용한 발레프로그램이 중년여성의 혈관건강도에 미치는 영향

Title
타바타 운동을 적용한 발레프로그램이 중년여성의 혈관건강도에 미치는 영향
Other Titles
Influence of Ballet Program Using Tabata Exercise to Blood Vessel Health Rate of Middle-Aged Women
Author
강혜원
Advisor(s)
황규자
Issue Date
2020-02
Publisher
한양대학교
Degree
Master
Abstract
This study was performed for 12 weeks with 40 women participated in the private ballet academy in Seoul by dividing them into the control group and the experimental group for the purpose of identifying the influence of the ballet program applied with Tabata exercise on the vascular health of the middle aged women. For the control group, the existing ballet program was performed with the exercise intensity of mild, medium and high for 4 weeks each, and for the experimental group, the ballet program with increased intensity of muscular strength exercise by applying Tabata exercise was performed for the same period as the control group. Further, the sample group was divided into high-risk group, medium risk group and low risk group according to the vascular health index vs. age, and the values after the program were compared. The values of the experimental group and the control group before and after the program were analyzed through t-test. Through this study, following results were drawn. First, in both control group that the ballet program was performed for 12 weeks and the experimental group that the ballet program applied with Tabata exercise for same period, the vascular health index of the middle aged women was improved statistically significantly. Second, out of the 3 factors of cardiac output intensity, vascular elasticity and remained blood volume (RBD), which composed the vascular health index, the program performed in this study improved the vascular elasticity and remained blood volume and no statistically significant change was found in the cardiac output intensity. Third. when the sample group is divided into high risk group, medium risk group and low risk group according to the vascular health index vs. age, the vascular health index was improved significantly in the high risk group and the medium risk group of both experimental group and the control group. Fourth, in the ballet exercise method applied with Tabata exercise, the vascular health index of the middle aged women was improved greatly compared to the existing ballet program and the vascular elasticity and the remained blood volume also showed the more improved value. Particularly, the improvement of the vascular elasticity in the medium risk group was represented statistically significant only in the experimental group applied with Tabata exercise, through which the ballet applied with Tabata exercise was represented to have more positive influence on the vascular health index of the middle aged women compared to existing ballet program As recently the menu is westernized rapidly and the dining-out culture is routinized, Red light turns on for the vascular health of Korean. In 2017 Korean death statistics, 3 major causes of death are the cancer, heart disease and the cerebrovascular disease and more than 30% of the population are died by the cardiovascular disease. Among them, particularly in case of middle aged women, as the cardiovascular disease in the women is increased rapidly by the sudden decrease of the estrogen, which played the role of gatekeeper for the vascular health, after the menopause, the female mortality rate is represented higher than the male. In addition, not only the vascular health but also slow metabolism and the reduction of muscular tension are closely related to the weight increase of the middle aged women and cause the sense of loss and lack of self-confidence affecting their thniking and behavior, social activities, etc. This study could observe that the ballet program, which uses every muscle in the whole body and the core muscles in balance, influences positively on the vascular health and it was confirmed that particularly, when it is performed with high-intensity intermittent method by applying the Tabata exercise, the positive influence becomes greater. In future, the attempt to maximize the effect of exercise by varying the program according to the target should be made continuously.
본 연구는 타바타 운동 형식을 적용한 발레 프로그램이 중년여성의 혈관건강도에 미치는 영향을 파악하기 위하여, 서울지역 사설발레학원 수업에 참여하고 있는 40명을 대상으로 대조군과 실험군을 나누어 각각 12주간 연구하였다. 대조군은 기존 발레프로그램으로 운동 강도 저, 중, 고로 각각 4주간 나누어 실시하였으며, 실험군은 타바타 운동 형식을 적용하여 근력운동의 강도를 높여 대조군과 같은 기간으로 실시하였다. 나아가 표본 집단을 본인 나이 대비 혈관건강지수에 따라 고위험군, 중위험군, 저위험군 으로 나누어 사전ㆍ사후 결과 값을 비교하였다. 본 연구를 통해 다음과 같은 결과를 도출 하였다. 첫째, 12주간의 발레 프로그램을 진행한 대조군과, 동일기간 타바타 운동 형식을 적용한 발레 프로그램 진행한 실험군 모두 중년여성의 혈관 건강지수가 통계적으로 유의하게 개선되었다. 둘째, 본 연구에서 진행한 프로그램은 혈관 건강지수를 구성하는 3가지 요인 중 혈관탄력성과 잔혈량 측면에서 개선이 이루어졌으며 심박출세기는 통계적 유의미한 변화가 없었다. 셋째, 표본집단을 현 나이 대비 혈관건강지수에 따라 고위험군, 중위험군, 저위험군으로 나누었을 경우 실험군, 대조군 모두 고위험군과 중위험군에게서 통계적으로 유의미하게 개선되었다. 넷째, 타바타 운동 형식을 적용한 발레운동 방식은 기존 발레프로그램에 비해 중년여성의 혈관건강지수 개선 정도가 더 컸고, 혈관탄력성 및 잔혈량 측면에서도 더 개선이 되었다. 특히, 중위험군에서 혈관탄력성 개선은 타바타 운동 형식을 적용한 실험군에 한하여만 통계적으로 유의미하게 나타났으며, 이를 통해 타바타 운동 형식을 적용한 발레가 기존 발레 프로그램에 비해 중년여성의 혈관건강에 더 긍정적 영향을 끼쳤음을 알 수 있다. 따라서 중년여성들에게 발레 프로그램이 혈관건강에 긍정적 영향을 끼친다는 것을 확인할 수 있었고, 특히 타바타 운동 형식을 적용하여 간헐적 고강도 방식으로 진행할 시 긍정적 영향이 커진다는 점을 확인하였다. 향후에는 대상에 따라 프로그램을 다르게 하여 운동의 효과를 극대화시키는 시도가 지속적으로 이루어져야 할 것이다.| This study was performed for 12 weeks with 40 women participated in the private ballet academy in Seoul by dividing them into the control group and the experimental group for the purpose of identifying the influence of the ballet program applied with Tabata exercise on the vascular health of the middle aged women. For the control group, the existing ballet program was performed with the exercise intensity of mild, medium and high for 4 weeks each, and for the experimental group, the ballet program with increased intensity of muscular strength exercise by applying Tabata exercise was performed for the same period as the control group. Further, the sample group was divided into high-risk group, medium risk group and low risk group according to the vascular health index vs. age, and the values after the program were compared. The values of the experimental group and the control group before and after the program were analyzed through t-test. Through this study, following results were drawn. First, in both control group that the ballet program was performed for 12 weeks and the experimental group that the ballet program applied with Tabata exercise for same period, the vascular health index of the middle aged women was improved statistically significantly. Second, out of the 3 factors of cardiac output intensity, vascular elasticity and remained blood volume (RBD), which composed the vascular health index, the program performed in this study improved the vascular elasticity and remained blood volume and no statistically significant change was found in the cardiac output intensity. Third. when the sample group is divided into high risk group, medium risk group and low risk group according to the vascular health index vs. age, the vascular health index was improved significantly in the high risk group and the medium risk group of both experimental group and the control group. Fourth, in the ballet exercise method applied with Tabata exercise, the vascular health index of the middle aged women was improved greatly compared to the existing ballet program and the vascular elasticity and the remained blood volume also showed the more improved value. Particularly, the improvement of the vascular elasticity in the medium risk group was represented statistically significant only in the experimental group applied with Tabata exercise, through which the ballet applied with Tabata exercise was represented to have more positive influence on the vascular health index of the middle aged women compared to existing ballet program As recently the menu is westernized rapidly and the dining-out culture is routinized, Red light turns on for the vascular health of Korean. In 2017 Korean death statistics, 3 major causes of death are the cancer, heart disease and the cerebrovascular disease and more than 30% of the population are died by the cardiovascular disease. Among them, particularly in case of middle aged women, as the cardiovascular disease in the women is increased rapidly by the sudden decrease of the estrogen, which played the role of gatekeeper for the vascular health, after the menopause, the female mortality rate is represented higher than the male. In addition, not only the vascular health but also slow metabolism and the reduction of muscular tension are closely related to the weight increase of the middle aged women and cause the sense of loss and lack of self-confidence affecting their thniking and behavior, social activities, etc. This study could observe that the ballet program, which uses every muscle in the whole body and the core muscles in balance, influences positively on the vascular health and it was confirmed that particularly, when it is performed with high-intensity intermittent method by applying the Tabata exercise, the positive influence becomes greater. In future, the attempt to maximize the effect of exercise by varying the program according to the target should be made continuously.
URI
http://dcollection.hanyang.ac.kr/common/orgView/000000111939https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/123337
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GRADUATE SCHOOL[S](대학원) > DANCE(무용학과) > Theses (Master)
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