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다중형 돌말지수를 이용한 국내 하천의 생물학적 온전성 평가

Title
다중형 돌말지수를 이용한 국내 하천의 생물학적 온전성 평가
Other Titles
A multimetric diatom index for biological integrity assessment of Korean streams
Author
김백호
Keywords
Korean multimetric diatom index; epilithic diatom; biological integrity; water quality; stream and estuary
Issue Date
2019-06
Publisher
한국환경생물학회
Citation
Korean Journal of Environmental Biology, v. 37, NO 2, Page. 204-216
Abstract
수생태계 생물학적 온전성을 평가하기 위하여 국내 하천 및 하구 923개 지점의 자료를 근거로 한국형 다중형 돌말지수 (KMDI)를 개발하고, 이를 금강수계 233개 지점을 대상으로 온전성평가를 실시하여 단일형 돌말지수들과 비교 검토하였다. KMDI의 개발은 1) 먼저 선행문헌들을 참고로 300개 이상의 메트릭을 추출하고, 2) 이 중 설명력이 높은 46개 후보 메트릭을 선택하며, 3) 각 메트릭 값들의 변이성, 중복성, 변별력, 환경에 대한 민감성 등을 검증하고, 최종적으로 5가지의 메트릭을 선정하였다. KMDI는 매트릭의 단순합으로 표현하고, 환경요인들에 대한 신뢰성 검토 결과, 토지이용, BOD, TN, 전기전도도 등에 대해 높은 민감성 및 설명력을 보였으나 단일형 돌말지수들 보다는 동일 지점의 생물학적 온전성은 다소 높게 평가되는 특성을 보였다. 추후 국내는 물론 지역에 상관없이 적용가능한 설명력 높은 매트릭의 발굴 및 정확한 돌말류 분석 연구가 뒷따라야 될 것으로 판단되었다. To evaluate the biological integrity of aquatic ecosystems, we developed Korean multimetric diatom index (KMDI) using metrics that many researchers have been previously described, and compared to single-metric diatom index such as trophic diatom index (TDI) and diatom assemblage index to organic pollution (DAIpo). For the biological and environmental data, we investigated the epilithic diatoms, water quality and the land-use for 923 sites in Korean streams between 2013-2017, and estuaries between 2010-2017, respectively. Five appropriate metrics were selected according to the following steps; 1) extraction of 300 potential metrics (biological, chemical, physical, and geographical) based on previous references, of these, 2) 46 samples having high separation power were selected, 3) the selected metrics were each tested for variability, redundancy, and sensitivity to the environments, finally 4) construction of multi-metric diatom index comprising single type metrics such as TDI, DAIpo, % motile diatoms, % Achnanthes / (Achnanthes+Navicula), and % number of Gomphonema species. The biological integrity of the 233 sites from the Geum River basin were independently investigated using KMDI. Collectively, the new KMDI showed high sensitivity and explanatory power for environmental factors such as land-use, biochemical oxygen demand, total nitrogen, and electric conductivity. However, it had slightly higher biological integrity for the same sites as compared to single type diatom metrics. Finally, more data accumulation from all over Korea and the development of acceptable diatom metrics were required.
URI
http://www.ebr.or.kr/journal/article.php?code=67432https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/121781
ISSN
1226-9999; 2287-7851
DOI
10.11626/KJEB.2019.37.2.204
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF NATURAL SCIENCES[S](자연과학대학) > LIFE SCIENCE(생명과학과) > Articles
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