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Mismatched effects of receptor interacting protein kinase-3 on hepatic steatosis and inflammation in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Title
Mismatched effects of receptor interacting protein kinase-3 on hepatic steatosis and inflammation in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Author
전대원
Keywords
Necroptosis; Receptor interacting protein kinase-3; Mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein; Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; Steatosis
Issue Date
2018-12
Publisher
BAISHIDENG PUBLISHING GROUP INC
Citation
WORLD JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY, v. 24, no. 48, page. 5477-5490
Abstract
AIMTo validate the effects of receptor interacting protein kinase-3 (RIP3) deletion in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and to clarify the mechanism of action.METHODSWild-type (WT) and RIP3 knockout (KO) mice were fed normal chow and high fat (HF) diets for 12 wk. The body weight was assessed once weekly. After 12 wk, the liver and serum samples were extracted. The liver tissue expression levels of RIP3, microsomal triglyceride transfer protein, protein disulfide isomerase, apolipoprotein-B, X-box binding protein-1, sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c, fatty acid synthase, cluster of differentiation-36, diglyceride acyltransferase, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and interleukin-6 were assessed. Oleic acid treated primary hepatocytes from WT and RIP3KO mice were stained with Nile red. The expression of inflammatory cytokines, including chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand (CXCL) 1, CXCL2, and TNF-alpha, in monocytes was evaluated.RESULTSRIP3KO HF diet fed mice showed a significant gain in body weight, and liver weight, liver to body weight ratio, and liver triglycerides were increased in HF diet fed RIP3KO mice compared to HF diet fed WT mice. RIP3KO primary hepatocytes also had increased intracellular fat droplets compared to WT primary hepatocytes after oleic acid treatment. RIP3 overexpression decreased hepatic fat content. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that the expression of very-low-density lipoproteins secretion markers (microsomal triglyceride transfer protein, protein disulfide isomerase, and apolipoprotein-B) was significantly suppressed in RIP3KO mice. The overall NAFLD Activity Score was the same between WT and RIP3KO mice; however, RIP3KO mice had increased fatty change and decreased lobular inflammation compared to WT mice. Inflammatory signals (CXCL1/2, TNF-alpha, and interleukin-6) increased after lipopolysaccharide and pancaspase inhibitor (necroptotic condition) treatment in monocytes. Neutrophil chemokines (CXCL1, and CXCL2) were decreased, and TNF-alpha was increased after RIP3 inhibitor treatment in monocytes.CONCLUSIONRIP3 deletion exacerbates steatosis, and partially inhibits inflammation in the HF diet induced NAFLD model.
URI
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319133/https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/121163
ISSN
1007-9327; 2219-2840
DOI
10.3748/wjg.v24.i48.5477
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COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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