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Feasibility Study of Beta Detector for Small Leak Detection inside the Reactor Containment

Title
Feasibility Study of Beta Detector for Small Leak Detection inside the Reactor Containment
Author
김용균
Keywords
Beta detector; Leakage detection system; 16 N; Reactor Coolant System; Unidentified leakage; RCS leakage
Issue Date
2018-12
Publisher
대한방사선방어학회
Citation
방사선방어학회지, v. 43, no. 4, page. 154-159
Abstract
Background: To prevent small leakage accidents, a real-time and direct detection system for small leaks with a detection limit below that of existing systems, e.g. 0.5 gpm·hr -1 , is required.In this study, a small-size beta detector, which can be installed inside the reactor containment (CT) building and detect small leaks directly, was suggested and its feasibility was evaluated using MCNPX simulation.Materials and Methods: A target nuclide was selected through analysis of radiation from radionuclides in the reactor coolant system (RCS) and the spectrum was obtained via a silicon detector simulated in MCNPX. A window was designed to reduce the background signal caused by other nuclides. The sensitivity of the detector was also estimated, and its shielding designed for installation inside the reactor CT.Results and Discussion: The beta and gamma spectrum of the silicon detector showed a negligible gamma signal but it also contained an undesired peak at 0.22 MeV due to other nuclides, not the 16 N target nuclide. Window to remove the peak was derived as 0.4 mm for beryllium.The sensitivity of silicon beta detector with a beryllium window of 1.7 mm thickness was derived as 5.172 × 10 -6 μCi·cc -1 . In addition, the specification of the shielding was evaluated through simulations, and the results showed that the integrity of the silicon detector can be maintained with lead shielding of 3 cm (<15 kg). This is a very small amount compared to the specifications of the lead shielding (600 kg) required for installation of 16 N gamma detector in inside reactor CT, it was determined that beta detector would have a distinct advantage in terms of miniaturization.Conclusion: The feasibility of the beta detector was evaluated for installation inside the reactor CT to detect small leaks below 0.5 gpm·hr -1 . In future, the design will be optimized on specific data.
URI
http://jrpr.org/journal/view.php?doi=10.14407/jrpr.2018.43.4.154https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/120868
ISSN
2508-1888; 2466-2461
DOI
10.14407/jrpr.2018.43.4.154
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > NUCLEAR ENGINEERING(원자력공학과) > Articles
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