FMCW; drone detection; 3D subspace-based algorithm
SENSORS, v. 18, no. 12, Article no. 4171
In this work, a 24-GHz frequency-modulated continuous-wave (FMCW) radar system with two sectoral horn antennas and one transmitting lens antenna for long-range drone detection is presented. The present work demonstrates the detection of a quadcopter-type drone using the implemented radar system up to a distance of 1 km. Moreover, a 3D subspace-based algorithm is proposed for the joint range-azimuth-Doppler estimation of long-range drone detection. The effectiveness of the long-range drone detection is verified with the implemented radar system through a variety of experiments in outdoor environments. This is the first such demonstration for long-range drone detection with a 24-GHz FMCW radar.