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Hybrid effects of steel fiber and carbon nanotube on self-sensing capability of ultra-high-performance concrete

Title
Hybrid effects of steel fiber and carbon nanotube on self-sensing capability of ultra-high-performance concrete
Author
류두열
Keywords
Ultra-high-performance concrete; Steel fiber; Aspect ratio; Carbon nanotube; Self-sensing capacity; Gauge factor
Issue Date
2018-10
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation
CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS, v. 185, page. 530-544
Abstract
This study aims to examine the feasibility of using steel fibers and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on developing self-sensing ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC). For this, four steel fiber types with two different shapes (straight vs. twisted) and three different aspect ratios from 65 to 100 were considered at a fiber volume fraction of 2%. 0.5% by volume of CNTs were simultaneously added. A plain UHPC with only 0.5% CNTs was also fabricated and tested as a control specimen. Test results indicated that the addition of 2% steel fibers was effective in enhancing compressive strength, elastic modulus, tensile strength, and strain capacity of the plain UHPC. The compressive behaviors of UHPC and ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete (UHPFRC) with CNTs were not predicted based on a fractional change in resistance (FCR) measurement, whereas the total tensile behaviors in terms of both stress-strain and stress-crack opening displacement (COD) curves were quite well simulated based on the FCR measurement and curve-fitting equations suggested. The unintended noise in the FCR of the plain UHPC was largely mitigated by adding the steel fibers, while the highest gauge factor (GF) under tensile load was found for the plain UHPC with CNTs. Using micro steel fibers was more effective in increasing the GF than using macro steel fibers, and better predictive results were obtained for the UHPFRC with straight steel fibers as compared to that with twisted steel fibers. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0950061818317446?via%3Dihubhttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/120333
ISSN
0950-0618; 1879-0526
DOI
10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.07.071
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING(건축공학부) > Articles
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