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Socioeconomic status, perceived inequality of opportunity, and attitudes toward redistribution

Title
Socioeconomic status, perceived inequality of opportunity, and attitudes toward redistribution
Author
김한성
Keywords
Welfare attitudes; Inequality; Social policy; Public opinion
Issue Date
2018-09
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL, v. 55, no. 3, page. 300-312
Abstract
Previous research suggests that an individual's socioeconomic status (SES) is negatively associated with attitudes toward redistributive policies. The objective of this study is to examine whether the relationship between an individual's subjective SES and his or her attitudes toward redistribution is contingent upon perceptions of inequality of opportunity. A series of multilevel analyses was performed using data from 28 countries from the 2009 International Social Survey Program (ISSP). Results revealed that the relationship between individual SES and attitudes toward redistribution was weaker among individuals who more strongly believed that success lies beyond the control of individuals. Shared perceptions of inequality of opportunity at the country level were also significant. The relationship between SES and attitudes toward redistribution was weaker in countries with higher levels of public perceptions of inequality of opportunity. In conclusion, people commensurately support redistribution policies (even contrary to their own self-interest) as they recognize the significance of inequality of opportunity. The greater the support among people for redistribution against their self-interest, the weaker the social cleavage in attitudes toward redistribution across different SES strata, and the higher the overall level of support for redistribution in society. (C) 2018 Western Social Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0362331918300119?via%3Dihubhttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/120139
ISSN
0362-3319; 1873-5355
DOI
10.1016/j.soscij.2018.01.008
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES[S](사회과학대학) > SOCIOLOGY(사회학과) > Articles
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