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The frontal skull Hounsfield unit value can predict ventricular enlargement in patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage

Title
The frontal skull Hounsfield unit value can predict ventricular enlargement in patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage
Author
한명훈
Keywords
BONE-MINERAL DENSITY; GLOBAL CEREBRAL ATROPHY; BODY-MASS INDEX; COLLAGEN TYPE-I; INTRACEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; OSTEOGENESIS IMPERFECTA; COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY; HYDROCEPHALUS; CT; IMPACT
Issue Date
2018-07
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Citation
SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 8, Article no. 10178
Abstract
Hydrocephalus is a common complication following subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) arising from spontaneous aneurysm rupture. The Hounsfield unit (HU) value from computed tomography scans may reflect bone mineral density, which correlates with body mass index, which in turn is related to postSAH ventricle size changes. We herein investigated potential associations between frontal skull HU values and ventricle size changes after SAH. HU values from four different areas in the frontal bone were averaged to minimize measurement errors. The bicaudate index and Evans ratio were measured using both baseline and follow-up CT images. CT images with bicaudate index >0.2 and Evans ratio > 0.3 simultaneously were defined as indicating ventriculomegaly. We included 232 consecutive patients with SAH due to primary spontaneous aneurysm rupture, who underwent clipping over almost a 9-year period at a single institution. The first tertile of frontal skull HU values in older patients (>= 55 years) was an independent predictor of ventriculomegaly after SAH, as compared to the third tertile in younger patients (hazard ratio, 4.01; 95% confidence interval 1.21-13.30; p = 0.023). The lower frontal skull HU value independently predicted ventricular enlargement post-SAH, due to the potential weak integrity of subarachnoid trabecular structures in younger patients.
URI
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-28471-1https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/119421
ISSN
2045-2322
DOI
10.1038/s41598-018-28471-1
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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