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Urban Park Systems to Support Sustainability: The Role of Urban Park Systems in Hot Arid Urban Climates

Title
Urban Park Systems to Support Sustainability: The Role of Urban Park Systems in Hot Arid Urban Climates
Author
김건우
Keywords
ecosystem services; ecosystem modeling; sustainability; human health; environmental quality; hot arid urban climate
Issue Date
2018-07
Publisher
MDPI
Citation
FORESTS, v. 9, no. 7, Article no. 439
Abstract
Quantifying ecosystem services in urban areas is complex. However, existing ecosystem service typologies and ecosystem modeling can provide a means towards understanding some key biophysical links between urban forests and ecosystem services. This project addresses broader concepts of sustainability by assessing the urban park system in Phoenix, Arizona's hot urban climate. This project aims to quantify and demonstrate the multiple ecosystem services provided by Phoenix's green infrastructure (i.e., urban park system), including its air pollution removal values, carbon sequestration and storage, avoided runoff, structural value, and the energy savings it provides for city residents. Modeling of ecosystem services of the urban park system revealed around 517,000 trees within the system, representing a 7.20% tree cover. These trees remove about 3630 tons (t) of carbon (at an associated value of $285,000) and about 272 t of air pollutants (at an associated value of $1.16 million) every year. Trees within Phoenix's urban park system are estimated to reduce annual residential energy costs by $106,000 and their structural value is estimated at $692 million. The findings of this research will increase our knowledge of the value of green infrastructure services provided by different types of urban vegetation and assist in the future design, planning and management of green infrastructure in cities. Thus, this study has implications for both policy and practice, contributing to a better understanding of the multiple benefits of green infrastructure and improving the design of green spaces in hot arid urban climates around the globe.
URI
https://www.mdpi.com/1999-4907/9/7/439https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/119322
ISSN
1999-4907
DOI
10.3390/f9070439
Appears in Collections:
GRADUATE SCHOOL OF URBAN STUDIES[S](도시대학원) > URBAN DESIGN AND LANDSCAPE ECOLOGICAL ARCHITECTURE(도시설계·경관생태조경학과) > Articles
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