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Effects of aluminum content and particle size on volume expansion during the sintering of Fe-Al mixed powders

Title
Effects of aluminum content and particle size on volume expansion during the sintering of Fe-Al mixed powders
Author
안계석
Keywords
SHS; Iron aluminides; Differential scanning calorimetry; Al particle size; Al content; Dilatometry
Issue Date
2018-05
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Citation
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, v. 747, page. 211-216
Abstract
We investigated the changes of volume, phase composition and microstructure during the sintering of Fe and Al mixed powders. Al powders were mixed with Fe powders in 0-35 at% proportions, and the mixture was then cold-compacted at 500MPa. Pressureless sintering was carried out at 1100 degrees C for 1 h to produce sintered samples. As the Al content increased to the values higher than 20 at%, the volume of the sintered samples increased as compared to that of the green compacts. An analysis of the results using a dilatometry and a differential scanning calorimetry shows that a rapid volume expansion occurred near the Al melting temperature at all compositions, and that the expansion rate increased with the Al content. The volume expansion was found to occur because the sample volumes initially occupied by the Al powder were converted into voids by the rapid self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) process. In the samples sintered at 700 degrees C, the melting of Al and an exothermic Fe2Al5 formation (2Fe + 5Al -> Fe2Al5) was found to proceed simultaneously during the SHS process, and the volumes initially occupied by Al were converted into the voids of sizes similar to those of the Al powder. As the sintering temperature increased, an Fe3Al phase was found to form around the Fe2Al5 phase. At 1100 degrees C, the Fe3Al phase was found to occupy the whole volume. We also examined the dependence of the volume expansion on the Al particle size in the case of Fe-Al with 28 at% Al content, and we found that, during the sintering process, the volume increased in the samples containing Al particles with size 53 -106 mu m, whereas it decreased in samples with 3-30 mu m Al particle size. We attribute this volume dependence to the fact that a decrease in the volume of the voids created during SHS near the Al melting point promotes densification during the subsequent sintering process. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0925838818307941?via%3Dihubhttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/118601
ISSN
0925-8388; 1873-4669
DOI
10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.02.299
Appears in Collections:
RESEARCH INSTITUTE[S](부설연구소) > THE RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR NATURAL SCIENCES(자연과학연구소) > Articles
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