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근린환경의 변화가 지역주민의 행복감에 미치는 영향 분석: 경기도 지역사회 건강조사 2013자료를 중심으로

Title
근린환경의 변화가 지역주민의 행복감에 미치는 영향 분석: 경기도 지역사회 건강조사 2013자료를 중심으로
Other Titles
Neighborhood Environmental Changes and Residents’ Happiness - Focused on the Community Health Survey 2013 of Gyeonggi Province, Korea -
Author
이수기
Keywords
행복감; 주관적 삶의 만족도; 근린환경; 건조환경; 지역사회건강조사; Happiness; Life Satisfaction; Neighborhood Environment; Built Environment; Community Health Survey
Issue Date
2018-02
Publisher
대한국토·도시계획학회
Citation
국토계획, v. 53, no. 1, page. 21-36
Abstract
Previous studies have found that built environments play an important role in residents’ subjective well-being (SWB). However, only a few studies have addressed changes in neighborhood environments across time. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the effects of neighborhood environmental changes on residents’ happiness, using data obtained from the Community Health Survey 2013 of Gyeonggi Province, Korea. Characteristics at the individual, household and neighborhood levels are adopted as independent variables, with socioeconomic and built environment factors at the neighborhood level. This study used multi-level regression models to consider individual and household levels as well as neighborhood levels. The results indicate that individual and household characteristics as well as neighborhood level variables have significant effects on residents’ happiness. With regard to neighborhood characteristics, this study has found that residents’ happiness levels are negatively affected by increases in aged population, number of old buildings and commercial land use. In contrast, an increase in industrial land use area, which possibly enhances community economic vitality in Gyeonggi Province, is positively associated with residents’ happiness. These findings suggest that physical urban regeneration and reinvigoration of local economy, through the creation of job opportunities, may increase residents‘ happiness levels and promote SWB.
URI
http://kpaj.or.kr/_common/do.php?a=full&bidx=983&aidx=13023https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/117323
ISSN
1226-7147; 2383-9171
DOI
10.17208/jkpa.2018.02.53.1.21
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > URBAN PLANNING AND ENGINEERING(도시공학과) > Articles
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