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Proximity Warning and Excavator Control System for Prevention of Collision Accidents

Title
Proximity Warning and Excavator Control System for Prevention of Collision Accidents
Author
조병완
Keywords
construction; occupational accidents; proximity warning system; excavator; RFID; Around View Monitor
Issue Date
2017-08
Publisher
MDPI
Citation
SUSTAINABILITY, v. 9, no. 8, Article no. UNSP 1488
Abstract
Construction is a hazardous industry in which accidents occur frequently. Occupational accidents at construction sites are a serious public health issue in Korea. Construction site conditions often create dangerous situations by requiring workers and heavy equipment to work in close proximity to each other. In 2015, approximately 11% (46) of the 437 occupational fatalities in the construction industry in Korea resulted from workers colliding with objects or equipment. In this paper, we present a proximity warning system developed to address this issue and enhance safety at construction sites. The proposed technology functions in real time to alert workers and equipment operators of hazardous proximity situations. Also, when the radio frequency identification (RFID) sensor detects an approaching worker, the main board instantly shuts down the excavator for the prevention of accident. This system contains an RFID tag, RFID reader, alarm device, camera, a display device (the Around View Monitor), and excavator control technology. A field test demonstrated successful performance of the proposed system. It is widely applicable in small construction fields alongside excavators and other equipment because this system does not require additional communication infrastructure, such as servers.
URI
https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/9/8/1488https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/115153
ISSN
2071-1050
DOI
10.3390/su9081488
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING(건설환경공학과) > Articles
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