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용정의과대학(龍井醫科大學)의 설립과 운영 - 변경사로서 용정의과대학의 역사: ‘단절’과 ‘연속’의 관점에서 -

Title
용정의과대학(龍井醫科大學)의 설립과 운영 - 변경사로서 용정의과대학의 역사: ‘단절’과 ‘연속’의 관점에서 -
Other Titles
The Establishment and operation of Longjing Medical College (SIC) - The History of Longjing Medical College as Frontier History: Focusing on its 'Disconnection' and 'Continuity'
Author
신영전
Keywords
용정의의과대학; 용정개척의학원; 동북군정대학 길림분교 의학원; 중국의과대학 제1분교; 연변의과전문학교; 용정교육동맹; 변경사; 단절; 연속; Longjing Medial College(龍井醫科大學); Longjing Exploitation Medical School(龍井開拓醫學院); the Medical Department of Dongbei Junzheng Daxue Jilin Fenxiao(東北軍政大學 吉林分 校 醫學院); the first branch of the Chinese Medical College (中國醫科大學 第一分校); Yanbian Medical College(延邊醫 科專門學校); Longjing Educational Alliance(龍井敎育同盟); Frontier History(邊境史); Disconnection; Continuity
Issue Date
2017-08
Publisher
대한의사학회
Citation
의사학, v. 26, no. 2, page. 215-264
Abstract
Longjing Medial College(龍井醫科大學), established in Longjing, Yanbian, China on September 12, 1945, existed for about 1 year and 6 months until it was renamed as the Medical Department of Dongbei Junzheng Daxue Jilin Fenxiao(東北軍政大學 吉林分校) in April 1947. However, there are only few records and studies on Longjing Medical College in Yanbian as well as in Korea. In order to fill the gap, this study attempted to restore the history of Longjing Medical College built in Yanbian, China immediately after the liberation. In particular, it analyzed how and why the Longjing Medical College was founded and operated, and which relations the college had with the post-war medical educational institutions, focusing on the ‘disconnection’ and ‘continuity’ in the historical sense.Since the establishment of Manchukuo(滿洲國), the Japanese colonial government had made it a major “frontier” and actively promoted the mass migration of Japanese and Koreans. For them, the government also set up three Exploitation Medical Schools in 1940. As a part of these three institutions, Longjing Exploitation Medical School(龍井開拓醫學院) educated more than 150 students by 1945, of which about one third was Korean.After the liberation, the Longjing Educational Alliance(龍井敎育同 盟) decided to pursue the return-movement of the Longjing Exploitation Medical School and took over the institution. On September 12, 1945, Longjing Medical College opened at the school site of Longjing Exploitation Medical School. Longjing Medical College was founded by people who had ‘the perspective of Korean nationality’ in an atmosphere where the ‘ethnicity’ of the Koreans exercised considerable power.Nevertheless, in 1946, when the Chinese Civil War began and the Yanbian region became an important base of the Chinese Communist Party, the Party began to expand and strengthen their influences in the region. Accordingly, the operation rights of Longjing Medical College were transferred to the Yanbian Administrative offices of Supervision(延邊行 政督察專員公署) and Government of Jirinsheng(吉林省政府) which were the administrative institution by the Chinese Communist Party in turns.In the end, Longjing Medical College was reorganized into the Medical Department of Dongbei Junzheng Daxue Jilin Fenxiao (1947. 3) and the first branch of the Chinese Medical College (1948. 1), a medical education institution focused on nurturing the medical personnel required for the Chinese Civil War. In January 1949, the first branch moved to Harbin, merged with the second branch there, and was transformed into Harbin Medical College. Afterwards, the Yanbian Koreans played a major role to establish Yanbian Medical College(延邊醫科專門學校) in a basis of the teachers and buildings left by the moving-out of the first branch(1948. 10.1). Now, Yanbian Medical College is the official body of Yanbian University Medical Center.Longjing Medical College, which has such a complicated history, is partially ‘disconnected’ from the Yanbian medical educational institutions in the post-war era in terms of its possession, operation objective, and academic system. However, many of the early members of the Longjing Medical College were not only teachers and students of the Longjing Exploitation Medical School, but also a few of them continued to teach at the Medical Department of Dongbei Junzheng Daxue Jilin Fenxiao, the first branch of the Chinese Medical College, and Yanbian Medical College.Particularly, several members actively participated in the establishment of each school or in the position of the top leader of the school. Also, all the medical education institutions referred to above used the building and facilities of Longjing Exploitation Medical School until the period of Yanbian Medical College. As such, the history of Longjing Medical College as frontier history, gives us a difficult, but significant question on the meanings of ‘disconnection’ and ‘continuity’ in history and their implications.
URI
https://www.medhist.or.kr/journal/view.php?doi=10.13081/kjmh.2017.26.215https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/115050
ISSN
1225-505X; 2093-5609
DOI
10.13081/kjmh.2017.26.215
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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용정의과대학(龍井醫科大學)의 설립과 운영 - 변경사로서 용정의과대학의 역사 ‘단절’과 ‘연속’의 관점에서 -.pdfDownload
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