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Systematic review with meta-analysis: the efficacy of vonoprazan-based triple therapy on Helicobacter pylori eradication

Title
Systematic review with meta-analysis: the efficacy of vonoprazan-based triple therapy on Helicobacter pylori eradication
Author
박찬혁
Keywords
COMPETITIVE ACID BLOCKER; PROTON PUMP INHIBITORS; RANDOMIZED CLINICAL-TRIAL; VS. LANSOPRAZOLE; GUIDELINES; RESISTANCE; 1ST-LINE; KOREA; ESOMEPRAZOLE
Issue Date
2017-07
Publisher
WILEY
Citation
ALIMENTARY PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS, v. 46, no. 2, page. 106-114
Abstract
Background: In order to increase eradication rates, vonoprazan, a novel potassium-competitive acid blocker, has been used in Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy. Aim: To summarise the results of the efficacy of vonoprazan-based triple therapy, helping clinicians to better understand the benefit of vonoprazan in the treatment of H. pylori infection. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature search on MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library using the primary keywords "vonoprazan," "takecab", "TAK438," "potassium," "competitive," "potassium-competitive," "Helicobacter," and "pylori." Studies were included if they evaluated the eradication rate between the vonoprazan-based and proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-based triple therapies. Results: Ten studies and 10 644 patients were evaluated. The crude H. pylori eradication rate determined by intention-to-treat analysis was 87.9% and 72.8% in the vonoprazan-based triple therapy and PPI-based triple therapy respectively. The eradication rate of the vonoprazan-based triple therapy was superior to that of the PPI-based triple therapy (pooled risk ratio [RR] [95% confidence interval (CI)]=1.19 [1.15-1.24]) In addition, there was no significant difference in dropout rate due to adverse event between the regimens (pooled RR of the vonoprazan-based triple therapy [95% CI]= 0.69 [0.23-2.03]). The incidence of any adverse events also did not differ between the regimens (pooled RR [95% CI]= 1.02 [0.78-1.34]). Conclusions: The vonoprazan-based triple therapy showed superior efficacy in terms of H. pylori eradication as compared to the PPI-based triple therapy. In addition, the vonoprazan-based triple therapy showed comparable tolerability and incidence of adverse events.
URI
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/apt.14130https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/115004
ISSN
0269-2813; 1365-2036
DOI
10.1111/apt.14130
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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