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The Effects of Clinical Factors and Retro-Odontoid Soft Tissue Thickness on Atlantoaxial Instability in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis

Title
The Effects of Clinical Factors and Retro-Odontoid Soft Tissue Thickness on Atlantoaxial Instability in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis
Author
정진환
Keywords
Atlantoaxial instability; Atlanto-dens interval; Retro-odontoid pseudotumor; Retro-odontoid soft tissue; Rheumatoid arthritis
Issue Date
2017-07
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Citation
WORLD NEUROSURGERY, v. 103, page. 364-370
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that often occurs in the atlantoaxial segment of the cervical spine and results in instability that can cause severe pain and neurologic symptoms. Thickening of soft tissue posterior to the odontoid process of the atlantoaxial segment is referred to as retro-odontoid soft tissue (ROST) thickness or pseudotumor. The mechanism of ROST thickness is still unknown. METHODS: Among patients diagnosed with RA, those with cervical radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging records were selected for investigation of their clinical symptoms, laboratory findings, radiologic evaluation, and RA medication history. RESULTS: A total of 199 patients were selected and divided into lower and upper median groups according to the ROST thickness value. In patients with RA, the median ROST thickness value was 2.3 mm (interquartile range, 1.4-3.4). The median value of the anterior atlanto-dens interval (ADI) was 2.4 mm, with a significant difference being observed between the lower and upper median ROST thickness groups (P = 0.001). Multivariable linear regression analysis revealed a correlation between Steinbrocker stage and the positivity of rheumatoid factor. For each unit increase in the Steinbrocker stage, the ROST thickness increased by 0.35 mm (b, L0.349; 95% confidence interval L0.643 to L0.055; P = 0.020). For every 1-mm increase in the ADI, ROST thickness decreased by 0.16 mm (b, L0.163; 95% confidence interval L0.264 to L0.062; P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed a statistical correlation between ROST thickness and ADI related to biomechanical changes in the dynamic atlantoaxial segment, thereby suggesting the value of a prospective study.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1878875017305235?via%3Dihubhttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/114964
ISSN
1878-8750; 1878-8769
DOI
10.1016/j.wneu.2017.04.028
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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