self-assembly; flexible ligand; arene-ruthenium; metallacycle; solid cancer
IMPACT JOURNALS LLC
ONCOTARGET, v. 8, no. 36, page. 60188-60200
The tumorigenic potentials of residual cancer stem-like cells within tumors represent limitations of current cancer therapies. Here, the authors describe the effects of synthesized flexible, ligated, supramolecular self-assembled chair type tetranuclear ruthenium (II) metallacycles (2-5) on glioblastoma and glioma stem like cells. These self-assemblies were observed to be selectively toxic to glioma cells and CD133-positive glioma stem like cells population. Of the self-assembled compounds tested, metallacycle 4 more efficiently induced glioma stem like cells death within a brain cancer cell population and simultaneously inhibited the formation of free-floating gliospheres by reducing the sphere size. Detailed cell death studies revealed that treatment with metallacycle 4 reduced mitochondrial membrane potentials (an indicator of apoptosis) of glioma stem like cells. These results shows the elimination of cancer stem-like cells using an appropriate ligand binding adaptor offers a potential means of developing metal-based compounds for the treatment of chemo-resistant tumors.