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Small gold nanorods-loaded hybrid albumin nanoparticles with high photothermal efficacy for tumor ablation

Title
Small gold nanorods-loaded hybrid albumin nanoparticles with high photothermal efficacy for tumor ablation
Author
최한곤
Keywords
Hybrid nanoparticles; Gold nanorods; Albumin nanoparticles; Photothermal conversion; Tumor targeting; Antitumor therapy
Issue Date
2019-07
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
COLLOIDS AND SURFACES B-BIOINTERFACES, v. 179, Page. 340-351
Abstract
Photothermal therapy using gold nanorods (AuNRs) has gained great attention for cancer therapy because AuNRs emit heat and induce tumor cell death responding to the near infrared light. However, the anticancer efficiency of AuNRs alone is undermined by its poor in vivo stability and potential toxicity. The prime purpose of this study was to send more AuNRs into tumors to more fully ablate them. For this, we fabricated hybrid albumin nanoparticles encapsulating small AuNRs (AuNRs-Alb-NPs), which take advantage of biocompatible albumin as a carrier, with better tumor targetability and high in vivo photothermal activity. The sizes of length/width of AuNRs were approximately 20.5 nm and 4.6 nm, respectively, showing a 4.5 aspect ratio, and the size of the resulting AuNRs-Alb-NPs was (similar to)130 nm, all of which are favorable for glomerular filtration and passive tumor targeting via extravasation. We chose the best formulation for AuNRs-Alb-NPs by in vitro cytotoxicity based on photothermal conversion efficiency considering the incorporated number of AuNRs. Visualized by a photo thermal camera, the local tumor temperature of mice treated with AuNRs-Alb-NPs increased to 57 degrees C, which was sufficient for the hyperthermal effect with 808 nm laser irradiation. Subsequently, AuNRs-Alb-NPs displayed remarkably better tumor ablation vs. nave formulation of AuNRs (tumor volume: 73.8 +/- 105.8 vs. 1455.3 +/- 310.4 mm(3) at day 8) in the glioblastoma N2a tumor-bearing mice. Most of all, we demonstrated, using photoacoustic imaging and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, that this much better tumor ablation was due to enhanced tumor targeting with albumin nanoparticles. We believe our AuNRs-Alb-NPs should be considered promising photothermal agents that are safer, have good targetability, and exhibit excellent tumor ablation.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0927776519302176https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/114766
ISSN
0927-7765; 1873-4367
DOI
10.1016/j.colsurfb.2019.03.068
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF PHARMACY[E](약학대학) > PHARMACY(약학과) > Articles
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