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Effects of Homocysteine and Hyperglycemia on the Proliferation of Aortic Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells of Obese Type 2 Diabetes Rat

Title
Effects of Homocysteine and Hyperglycemia on the Proliferation of Aortic Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells of Obese Type 2 Diabetes Rat
Author
유성훈
Keywords
Homocysteine; Hyperglycemia; Vascular smooth muscle cell; Mitogen-activated protein kinase; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase
Issue Date
2017-06
Publisher
KOREAN GERIATRIC SOC
Citation
ANNALS OF GERIATRIC MEDICINE AND RESEARCH, v. 21, no. 2, page. 78-85
Abstract
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of homocysteine on the proliferation of rat aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) by measuring mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase under hyperglycemic conditions. Methods: Rat aortic VSMCs were isolated from Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty and Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka rats. VSMCs were incubated in the presence of homocysteine (1 mM) with/without PD98059 (30 mu M) and wortmannin (300 nM) for 48 hours in different concentrations of glucose (5.5, 25 mM). Proliferation was evaluated by methylthiazoletetrazolium (MTT), fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS), and western blot analyses. Results: In MTT and FACS analyses, the proliferation of VSMCs was increased by homocysteine. After PD98059 (30 mu M) and wortmannin (300 nM) treatment with homocysteine (1 mM), the increased proliferation of VSMC caused by homocysteine, decreased to control levels. In Western blot analysis, immunoexpression of phospho-p44/42 MAP kinase was significantly increased by homocysteine (1 mM). After PD98059 and wortmannin treatment, the increased immunoexpression of phospho-p44/42 MAP kinase was suppressed. Conclusion: These results suggest that the MAP kinase and PI3 kinase pathways are the main mechanisms involved in rat VSMC proliferation caused by homocysteine under hyperglycemic conditions.
URI
http://www.e-agmr.org/journal/view.html?doi=10.4235/agmr.2017.21.2.78https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/114680
ISSN
2508-4909
DOI
10.4235/agmr.2017.21.2.78
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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