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Facile synthesis of ammonium vanadate nanofibers by using reflux in aqueous V2O5 solution with ammonium persulfate

Title
Facile synthesis of ammonium vanadate nanofibers by using reflux in aqueous V2O5 solution with ammonium persulfate
Author
오성근
Keywords
Ammonium vanadate; Reflux method; Ammonium persulfate; Nanofiber; Electrical conductivity
Issue Date
2017-06
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Citation
MATERIALS CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS, v. 194, page. 313-321
Abstract
Ammonium vanadate nanofibers were synthesized by simple reflux method in aqueous V2O5 solution with ammonium persulfate without relying on surfactants, catalysts, harmful solvents and autoclave. The degree of intercalation by cationic ammonium ions into the crystal structure of vanadium oxide along with its change in chemical composition were analyzed by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), infrared spectroscopy (IR). The morphological changes toward nanofiber structure, having diameter of 20-30 nm and a few mu m length, were investigated using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The influences of synthetic conditions, such as reaction time and concentration of sulfate (SO42-), on the crystal structures and morphologies of the resulting products have investigated. As a result, the ammonium vanadate nanofiber was formed in a short reaction time through a simple reflux method and yielded comparable electrical conductivity 1.47 x 10(-2) S/cm. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254058417302675?via%3Dihubhttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/114434
ISSN
0254-0584; 1879-3312
DOI
10.1016/j.matchemphys.2017.03.053
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > CHEMICAL ENGINEERING(화학공학과) > Articles
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