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Improving pedestrian safety via the optimization of composite hood structures for automobiles based on the equivalent static load method

Title
Improving pedestrian safety via the optimization of composite hood structures for automobiles based on the equivalent static load method
Author
김학성
Keywords
Carbon fiber-reinforced composites; Glass fiber-reinforced composites; Automobile hood; Optimal design; Pedestrian safety; Equivalent static load method
Issue Date
2017-06
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation
COMPOSITE STRUCTURES, v. 176, page. 780-789
Abstract
In this study, design optimization of a composite hood for automobiles was carried out to mitigate the impact of pedestrian head injuries based on finite element analysis. Reduced vehicle, headform impactor and single hood models were established to obtain optimal composite hood designs. The carbon fiber reinforced composite (CFRP) and the hybrid Glass fiber reinforced composite (CFRP/GFRP) laminates were selected as composite material candidates. Both stacking angle sequence and topometry of the composite hood were optimized based on the equivalent static load method. After the optimization, the head injury criterion (HIC), deflection and weight were measured to evaluate the performance of the composite hood. The developed CFRP and hybrid CFRP/GFRP type hoods with optimized final design exhibited the improved impact performance and significant weight reduction while satisfying bending and torsion deflection requirements compared to those of conventional steel and aluminum hoods. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0263822317305433?via%3Dihubhttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/114318
ISSN
0263-8223; 1879-1085
DOI
10.1016/j.compstruct.2017.06.016
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING(기계공학부) > Articles
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