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Preparation and characterization of crosslinked anion exchange membrane (AEM) materials with poly(phenylene ether)-based short hydrophilic block for use in electrochemical applications

Title
Preparation and characterization of crosslinked anion exchange membrane (AEM) materials with poly(phenylene ether)-based short hydrophilic block for use in electrochemical applications
Author
오성근
Keywords
Anion exchange membrane (AEM); Poly(phenylene ether); Anion exchange membrane fuel cell(AEMFC); Vanadium redox flow battery(VRFB)
Issue Date
2017-05
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE, v. 530, page. 73-83
Abstract
Herein, our group report the investigation of cross-linked copolymer anion exchange membrane (AEM) materials with a partially rigid backbone structure based on poly(phenylene ether). Two types of quaternized AEM materials, QCPPAE-2/1 and QCPPAE-4/1, with an ion exchange capacity (IEC) of 1.08 and 1.75 meq/g, respectively, were synthesized. The cross-linked AEMs exhibited a low water uptake (WU) and dimensional change and outstanding anion (Cl-, SO42-, and OH-) conductivities. The nanoscale phase-separated morphologies of the polymer membranes were characterized using small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The synthesized membranes were introduced as a solid electrolyte into a vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) and an anion exchange membrane fuel cell (AEMFC). The QCPPAE-2/1 membrane showed excellent coulombic efficiency (CE) of 99%, voltage efficiency (VE) of 88% and energy efficiency (EE) of 89% in VRFBs. Within AEMFCs, these membranes generated an outstanding power density as high as 106 mW/cm(2) at 60 degrees C.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0376738816323079?via%3Dihubhttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/114030
ISSN
0376-7388; 1873-3123
DOI
10.1016/j.memsci.2017.02.015
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > CHEMICAL ENGINEERING(화학공학과) > Articles
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