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TRPM2 contributes to LPC-induced intracellular Ca2+ influx and microglial activation

Title
TRPM2 contributes to LPC-induced intracellular Ca2+ influx and microglial activation
Author
정승준
Keywords
Microglia; TRPM2; LPC; p38MAPK
Issue Date
2017-04
Publisher
ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Citation
BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS, v. 485, no. 2, page. 301-306
Abstract
Microglia are the resident immune cells which become activated in some pathological conditions in central nervous system (CNS). Lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), an endogenous inflammatory phospholipid, is implicated in immunomodulatory function of glial cells in the CNS. Although several studies uncovered that LPC induces intracellular Ca2+ influx and morphologic change in microglia, there is still no direct evidence showing change of phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) p38 (p-p38), a widely used microglia activation marker, by LPC. Furthermore, the cellular mechanism of LPC-induced microglia activation remains unknown. In this study, we found that LPC induced intracellular Ca2+ increase in primary cultured microglia, which was blocked in the presence of Gd3+, non-selective transient receptor potential (TRP) channel blocker. RT-PCR and whole cell patch clamp recordings revealed molecular and functional expression of TRP melastatin 2 (TRPM2) in microglia. Using western blotting, we also observed that LPC increased phosphorylation of p38 MAPK, and the increase of p-p38 expression is also reversed in TRPM2-knockout (KO) microglia. Moreover, LPC induced membrane trafficking of TRPM2 and intrathecal injection of LPC increased lba-1 immunoreactivity in the spinal cord, which were significantly reduced in KO mice. In addition, LPC-induced intracellular Ca2+ increase and inward currents were abolished in TRPM2-KO microglia. Taken together, our results suggest that LPC induces intracellular Ca2+ influx and increases phosphorylation of p38 MAPK via TRPM2, which in turn activates microglia. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006291X17303789?via%3Dihubhttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/113828
ISSN
0006-291X; 1090-2104
DOI
10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.02.087
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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