108 0

Temperament and character traits in patients with tinnitus: a prospective case series with comparisons

Title
Temperament and character traits in patients with tinnitus: a prospective case series with comparisons
Author
박철원
Keywords
PERSONALITY; DISORDERS; ASSOCIATION; DIMENSIONS; SEVERITY; PROFILES; ISSUES
Issue Date
2017-04
Publisher
WILEY
Citation
CLINICAL OTOLARYNGOLOGY, v. 42, no. 2, page. 397-403
Abstract
Objective: To describe the personality traits of temperament and character in patients with tinnitus and to identify differences in these traits associated with the severity of tinnitus. Study design: Case series with comparisons. Setting: Tertiary referral centre. Participants: From January to December 2014, one hundred and thirty-four adult patients with chronic subjective tinnitus completed psychoacoustic measurements of tinnitus and the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). Measurements: Personality traits were assessed by the TCI. The TCI assesses seven dimensions of personality traits and four temperaments 'novelty seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence, persistence', as well as three characters 'self-directedness, cooperativeness, self-transcendence'. Main outcome measures: The values of the TCI parameters in the tinnitus patients were compared with reference data from a non-institutional adult population, and associations between TCI parameter values and tinnitus severity were evaluated. Results: In terms of temperament, tinnitus patients had higher scores for 'harm avoidance', whereas scores for 'novelty seeking', 'reward dependence' and 'persistence' were significantly lower than the reference. In terms of character, lower 'cooperativeness' and 'self-transcendence' were identified in the subjects with tinnitus. The 'novelty seeking' score was inversely related to tinnitus severity (r = -0.285, P = 0.001), while other temperament and character traits did not show significant correlations. Conclusions: There may be a connection between tinnitus and personality traits, especially in the case of 'novelty seeking', which is relatively constant over a lifetime. The TCI questionnaire may be useful in facilitating the application of personality traits to tailored counselling for tinnitus.
URI
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/coa.12805https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/113740
ISSN
1749-4478; 1749-4486
DOI
10.1111/coa.12805
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE