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Effect of carbon-sulphur bond in a sulphur/dehydrogenated polyacrylonitrile/reduced graphene oxide composite cathode for lithium-sulphur batteries

Title
Effect of carbon-sulphur bond in a sulphur/dehydrogenated polyacrylonitrile/reduced graphene oxide composite cathode for lithium-sulphur batteries
Author
선양국
Keywords
Sulphur; Reduced graphene oxide; Dehydrogenated polyacrylonitrile; Cathode; Lithium; Battery
Issue Date
2017-04
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, v. 355, page. 140-146
Abstract
A S/DPAN (dehydrogenated polyacrylonitrile) composite shows promising electrode performances as a cathode material for Li-S batteries though its electric conductivity is insufficient for high rate tests. In an attempt to enhance the electric conductivity, the S/DPAN composite is attached on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) sheets via self-assembling modification. As a result, the conductivity improves to similar to 10(-4) S cm(-1), and the S/DPAN/rGO composite thereby delivers approximately 90% of the theoretical capacity of sulphur at a rate of 0.2C (0.34 A g(-1)) over 700 mAh (g-S)(-1) even at 2C (3.4 A g(-1)). We first report on the C-S bond between sulphur and DPAN in a composite that maintains the bond even after an extensive cycling test, as confirmed by time-of-flight secondary-ion mass spectroscopy (ToF-SIMS). These synergistic effects enable facile electron transport such that the S/DPAN/rGO composite electrode is able to maintain superior electrode performances. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S037877531730558X?via%3Dihubhttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/113655
ISSN
0378-7753; 1873-2755
DOI
10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.04.063
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > ENERGY ENGINEERING(에너지공학과) > Articles
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