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필드 과학, 과학 서비스 그리고 해충 방제: 20세기 초 미국 남부 목화 바구미 대발생을 중심으로

Title
필드 과학, 과학 서비스 그리고 해충 방제: 20세기 초 미국 남부 목화 바구미 대발생을 중심으로
Other Titles
Field Science, Science Service, and Pest Insect Control: The Cotton Boll Weevil Outbreak in the American South in the Early 20th Century
Author
정혜경
Keywords
field science; cotton boll weevil; Bureau of Entomology; science service; cultural control
Issue Date
2017-04
Publisher
한국과학사학회
Citation
한국과학사학회지, v. 39, no. 1, page. 1-32
Abstract
The cotton boll weevil, imported from Mexico in 1894, destroyed the basic order of Southern life in America. The systematic control of insects became an official mission of the Bureau of Entomology (BE) within the U.S. Department of Agriculture. “Fieldwork” involved the creation of a field station, and proved to be the backbone of scientific activities supported by the BE. However, from the outset the Bureau’s field scientists were confronted with various groups of experts and amateurs involved in the socioeconomic concerns connected to the cotton boll weevil outbreak. The Bureau’s scientists’ cooperation with state entomologists in the regional field helped gain popular trust over the intellectual autonomy of economic entomology against the encroachers with different academic backgrounds of the Bureau of Plant Industry. In addition, field scientists were main actors in advocating the popular acceptance for the “scientific” pest control. The field science of the BE maintained the balance between the public agenda of combating pest insects and the scientific agenda of establishing economic entomology as a scientific field. In this way, it successfully established itself as an intermediary displaying the pragmatic value of science.
URI
https://www.kci.go.kr/kciportal/ci/sereArticleSearch/ciSereArtiView.kci?sereArticleSearchBean.artiId=ART002220033https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/113544
ISSN
1229-7895
Appears in Collections:
CENTER FOR CREATIVE CONVERGENCE EDUCATION[S](창의융합교육원) > ETC
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필드 과학, 과학 서비스 그리고 해충 방제 20세기 초 미국 남부 목화 바구미 대발생을 중심으로.pdfDownload
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