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Development of a Novel Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Method to Detect Guiana Extended-Spectrum (GES) beta-Lactamase Genes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Title
Development of a Novel Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Method to Detect Guiana Extended-Spectrum (GES) beta-Lactamase Genes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Author
김동욱
Keywords
bla(GES); beta-lactamase; point mutation; carbapenemase; loop-mediated isothermal amplification; Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Issue Date
2019-02
Publisher
FRONTIERS MEDIA SA
Citation
FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY, v. 10, Article no. 25
Abstract
Infections caused by multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in hospitalized patients are often fatal, and nosocomial infections caused by Guiana extended-spectrum (GES) beta-lactamase-producing strains are of growing concern. Several genotypes of the GES beta-lactamase gene (bla(GES)) include a single missense mutation, a change from G to A at nucleotide position 493 (G493A) that changes glycine to serine; the mutant enzyme exhibits carbapenemase activity. Rapid and reliable identification of drug-resistance is important in clinical settings; however, culture methods remain the gold standard. Conventional and real-time PCR cannot identify carbapenemase-producing genotypes, and direct DNA sequencing is essential. We established a novel loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method to detect various genotypes of bla(GES) and another LAMP method to discriminate carbapenemase genotypes of bla(GES). We evaluated the two assays using clinical P. aeruginosa strains. Two primer sets targeting bla(GES) (GES-LAMP) and the point mutation (Carba-GES-LAMP) were designed and evaluated for specificity and sensitivity. The detection limit of the GES-LAMP method was assessed using purified DNA and DNA-spiked clinical samples (urine, sputum, and blood). To determine the clinical usefulness of the methods, we used different (genotypically and phenotypically) P. aeruginosa clinical isolates, collected from diverse geographical locations between 2003 and 2012. The novel LAMP assay targeting bla(GES) was highly specific. The detection limit was 10 DNA copies per reaction; the assay was 10-fold more sensitive than conventional PCR. The LAMP assay detected bla(GES) with high sensitivity in all DNA-spiked samples; PCR did not detect bla(GES) in blood samples. The GES-LAMP method correctly detected the 5 isolates containing bla(GES) among the 14 isolates tested. Using these isolates, we confirmed that our CarbaGES-LAMP method of detecting point mutations correctly identified the two bla(GES) positive organisms with carbapenemase activity. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of the GES beta-lactamase gene detection assay using the LAMP method. Our new assays effectively detect bla(GES) and critical unique mutations.
URI
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00025/fullhttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/112316
ISSN
1664-302X
DOI
10.3389/fmicb.2019.00025
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF PHARMACY[E](약학대학) > PHARMACY(약학과) > Articles
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