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Frailty index associated with all-cause mortality, long-term institutionalization, and hip fracture

Title
Frailty index associated with all-cause mortality, long-term institutionalization, and hip fracture
Author
황환식
Keywords
Frailty; Mortality; Institutionalization; Hip fracture; Electronic medical record
Issue Date
2019-06
Publisher
SPRINGER
Citation
EUROPEAN GERIATRIC MEDICINE, v. 10, NO 3, Page. 403-411
Abstract
Key summary pointsAimCan frailty be diagnosed using previously recorded medical data in Korean older people?FindingsThe prevalence of frailty among Korean older persons was 3.4%. Frail older persons showed higher mortality, long-term care facility institutionalization, and hip fracture than those of robust older persons.MessageFrailty can be diagnosed using previously recorded electronic medical record (EMR) data in Korean older persons. AbstractPurposeTo assess the association between frailty, measured using a frailty diagnosis tool, and adverse outcomes using regular health checkup data and National Health Insurance claim data of 66-year-old Koreans.MethodsWe evaluated all Koreans born between 1942 and 1946 who received a 66-year lifetime transition period health examination and regular biennial general and cancer screenings between 2008 and 2012. These patients were observed until December 31, 2015. The Lifetime Transition Period Health Examination version of the Korean Frailty Index (THE frailty index) was used to examine adverse geriatric outcomes based on levels of frailty. THE frailty index scores were used to classify participants as robust (0-2), pre-frail (3-4), or frail (more than 5). The main outcomes included the risks of all-cause mortality, long-term care facility institutionalization, and hip fracture.ResultsAmong 725,759 Korean men and women, the prevalence of frail and pre-frail conditions was 3.4% and 26.6%, respectively. After an average of 4.4years of follow-up, frail older persons had significantly higher mortality rates [men: hazard ratio (HR) 2.031 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.894-2.178); women: HR 2.092 (95% CI 1.920-2.279)], long-term care facility institutionalization [men: HR 2.997 (95% CI 2.750-3.268); women: HR 3.057 (95% CI 2.866-3.261)], and hip fracture [men: HR 2.230 (95% CI 1.854-2.681); women: HR 2.356 (95% CI 2.086-2.660)] than those of robust older persons.ConclusionsAged frail persons diagnosed using the THE frailty index had higher all-cause mortality, more frequent entry into long-term care facilities, and greater risk of hip fracture.
URI
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs41999-019-00196-yhttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/111784
ISSN
1878-7649; 1878-7657
DOI
10.1007/s41999-019-00196-y
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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